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The Residency Application - Components

The Residency Application generally includes personal, educational, and biographical information that would be included in a typical curriculum vitae. Supporting documents for the residency application include a personal statement, letters of reference, USMLE transcripts, the MSPE, medical school transcripts, and a photo.  

Applicants can begin working on their application in June and will apply to programs in September. Residency programs will be able to review applications on September 25, 2024.  Applicants should complete all application materials, apply to intended programs, and certify and submit their application prior to this date. OSA is responsible for uploading the MSPE and medical school transcript in September. There is a uniform release date for the MSPE, it will not be uploaded early for early match programs. Personal information (including contact information) is very important to programs, it is recommended that this section remain up-to-date through the application cycle.

MyERAS has an excellent support structure including the user guide, worksheet and checklist referenced below as the AAMC Support Center. We encourage applicants to utilize these resources throughout the application process.

AAMC MyERAS Applicant User Guide

AAMC MyERAS Tools and Worksheets – includes Worksheet and Checklist

Other Application Systems

ResidencyCAS – All obstetrics & gynecology programs

Central Application – Some anesthesiology, neurology, plastic surgery and urology programs

SF Match – Ophthalmology – All ophthalmology programs

Military GME Website Navy and Airforce

Curriculum Vitae

We recommend updating the Curriculum Vitae (CV) before the application process begins. An up-to-date CV will be helpful in completing the residency application including the “experiences” section, preparing a personal statement, and preparing for interviews. Additionally, letter writers will request an up-to-date CV to aid them in the preparation of LoRs.

CV Preparation Tips


AAMC MyERAS Applicant User Guide – Experiences

Residency programs are increasingly using holistic approaches to identify potential applicants who are a good fit for their program. The MyERAS Experience section is one way students may communicate with programs who they are as an applicant and allow them to get to know you and understand your interests and goals.

Experiences may include: Work, Research, Volunteer/Service/Advocacy, Education/Training, Military Service, Other extracurricular activity/club, Professional Organization, Teaching/Mentoring.

Selected Experiences.  Applicants may identify up to 10 experiences that communicate who they are, what they are passionate about, and what is most important to them. For each experience, applicants can provide descriptive information, identify an experience type as applicable, and briefly describe major activities and responsibilities.

Most Meaningful Experiences. Applicants may select up to three most meaningful experiences from the 10 selected experiences. Includes a 300-character reflection of the experience to explain why it was meaningful.

Impactful Experiences. This optional section allows applicants to share impactful experiences (e.g., Family background, financial background, community, educational experiences, or other life circumstances) that have had a significant impact on their journey to residency.  This section is generally intended for applicants who have overcome challenges or obstacles either during medical school or at any point in time. It is not required, just over half of applicants complete this section. If you are considering, we encourage you to speak with an OSA or Specialty Advisor and have someone review your entry prior to submission.

Tips for Completing the Experiences Section:

  • The Experiences section should be a genuine reflection of who you are as an applicant. Programs read the application to get to know you. Consider this section as a complete set. Experiences, along with your personal statement, LoRs, and noteworthy characteristics, should provide a full picture of who you are as both an applicant and an individual.
  • Prior to completing this section, consider doing some self-reflection to identify your personal mission/brand, what you are passionate about, what motivates you, and what your core values are as a physician. Then, list your experiences and consider how they fit within your personal identity.
  • Use this section to demonstrate your character and to highlight desired qualities such as teamwork, communication, adaptability, or commitment to patient care.
  • Your Experiences should complement other areas of your application. There may be recurring themes within the experiences, personal statement, and noteworthy characteristics sections. Avoid redundancy.
  • When describing an experience, remember that honesty is always the best policy.
  • Selecting a “Primary Focus Area” or “Key Characteristic” may be helpful in characterizing the experience, however, if these do not apply to a particular experience it is okay to leave them blank.
  • Include all relevant experiences, regardless of specialty. For example, if you want to demonstrate your passion for advocacy describe past experiences advocating for women and children, even if you are applying to internal medicine.
  • While most experiences will be from your time in medical school, you may include experiences that occurred prior as well. Consider including these if they are meaningful and help to tell your story.
  • We suggest using all 10 experiences, although quality is better than quantity. If you have fewer than 10 experiences, consider whether additional educational, service, or research opportunities may contribute to your narrative. Some things to consider: Complete a micro-credential course through the UMB Learning Institute; Identify volunteer opportunities through the UMB Intercultural Center, Join a professional society, or Contribute to a research project that is already in progress.  
  • If you have more than 10 experiences, consider combining multiple experiences with a similar theme into one meaningful entry.
  • Many students will include their pre-clerkship elective as one of their ten experiences.
  • Clinical experiences, e.g. electives, sub-internships, or away rotations may be included at a student’s discretion, but we generally do not recommend inclusion since this information is included in the MSPE and transcripts and may be redundant.
  • Avoid topics you don’t feel comfortable talking about in an interview.
  • Proofread this section carefully. We recommend having someone (e.g. family, friend, advisor) review these before submitting.


Within the application system (e.g., MyERAS), applicants will also be required to provide additional documents as a part of the residency application. The application system allows the applicant to create, upload and assign personal statements, manage letters of reference, authorize the release of the USMLE transcript, and upload a headshot.  Each residency program sets its own unique requirements for application. OSA recommends confirming individual programs requirements early in the application process. Applicants can manage these documents in the Documents section of the MyERAS application. Uploaded documents must be “assigned” to individual programs for programs to access the document. Documents can be assigned in the Document tab to saved and applied to programs. We encourage students to confirm assignments using the Assignments Checklist in MyERAS prior to the application release.

Personal Statement 

Letters of Reference