December 07, 2017 | David Kohn
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Tuesday, April 25, 2023
Immune System Sculpts Rat Brains During Development
Researchers have established that biological sex plays a role in determining an individual’s risk of brain disorders. For example, boys are more likely to be diagnosed with behavioral conditions like autism or attention deficit disorder, whereas women are more likely to suffer from anxiety disorders, depression, or migraines. However, experts do not fully understand how sex contributes to brain development, particularly in the context of these diseases. They think, in part, it may have something to do with the differing sizes of certain brain regions.
Friday, March 31, 2023
Traumatic Brain Injury Interferes with Immune System Cells’ Recycling Process in Brain Cells
Each year about 1.5 million people in the U.S. survive a traumatic brain injury due to a fall, car accident, or a sports injury, which can cause immediate and long-term disability.
Friday, January 06, 2023
UM School of Medicine Scientists Create First Extensive Brain Cell Data Repository
Neuroscience researchers now have access to 50 million brain cells to better understand how the brain develops and functions or changes with disease or trauma. Last month, scientists at the University of Maryland School of Medicine’s (UMSOM) Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS) unveiled a “one-stop shop” for brain cell data called the Neuroscience Multi-Omic Archive (NeMO Archive). This archive is now available to neuroscience researchers to transform their understanding of the complex workings of the brain.
Monday, November 14, 2022
Brain Area Thought to Impart Consciousness, Behaves Instead Like an Internet Router
Tucked underneath the brain’s outer, wrinkly cortex is a deeply mysterious area, known as the claustrum. This region has long been known to exchange signals with much of the cortex, which is responsible for higher reasoning and complex thought. Because of the claustrum’s extensive connections, the legendary scientist Francis Crick, PhD, of DNA-discovery fame, first postulated in 2005 that the claustrum is the seat of consciousness. In other words, the region of the brain enabling awareness of the world and ourselves.
Wednesday, July 21, 2021
University of Maryland School of Medicine Study Finds Calcium Precisely Directs Blood Flow in the Brain
University of Maryland School of Medicine and University of Vermont researchers have shown how the brain communicates to blood vessels when in need of energy, and how these blood vessels respond by relaxing or constricting to direct blood flow to specific brain regions.
Tuesday, April 13, 2021
UM School of Medicine Researchers Find Habitual Snoring Linked to Significant Brain Changes in Children
Children who regularly snore have structural changes in their brain that may account for the behavioral problems associated with the condition, including lack of focus, hyperactivity, and learning difficulties at school. That is the finding of a new study conducted by researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM), which was published today in the journal Nature Communications.
Wednesday, September 25, 2019
Dr. Tracy Bale Elected President of the International Brain Research Organization
Tracy L. Bale, PhD, Professor of Pharmacology and Director of the Center for Epigentic Research in Child Health & Brain Development has been elected President of the International Brain Research Organization.
Wednesday, September 18, 2019
Study Questions Use of Routine Sleep Studies to Evaluate Snoring in Children
Pediatricians routinely advise parents of children who snore regularly and have sleepiness, fatigue or other symptoms consistent with sleep disordered breathing, to get a sleep study; this can help determine whether their child has obstructive sleep apnea, which is often treated with surgery to remove the tonsils and adenoids (adenotonsillectomy). Often pediatricians make surgery recommendations based on the results of this sleep study.
Monday, April 29, 2019
UMSOM’s Reading on the Brain Program Teaches Baltimore City Elementary Students About the Brain-Building Power of Reading
Acting Baltimore City Mayor Jack Young joined 4th and 5th grade students at Callaway Elementary School to help paint a mural about the brain. It was all part of Reading on the Brain, a University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) program to teach young students about the importance of reading and how reading can stimulate brain development and inspire future success. Tracy Bale, PhD, is leading the pilot program, which also emphasizes science and helps children to understand how the brain works.
Thursday, March 28, 2019
Allergic Reactions Play Role in Sexual Behavior Development in Unborn Males and Females, UMSOM Research Shows
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and colleagues at Ohio State University have discovered that allergic reactions trigger changes in brain behavior development in unborn males and females. This latest brain development discovery will ultimately help researchers better understand how neurological conditions can differ between men and women.
Friday, March 01, 2019
UMSOM Researchers Discover Clues to Brain Differences Between Males and Females
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have discovered a mechanism for how androgens -- male sex steroids -- sculpt brain development. The research, conducted by Margaret M. McCarthy, Ph.D., Professor of Pharmacology and Chair of the Department of Pharmacology, could ultimately help researchers understand behavioral development differences between males and females.
Wednesday, June 27, 2018
UM School of Medicine's Scott Strome, MD, Named Dean of Medical College at University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis
Scott Strome, MD, FACS, Professor and Chair of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM), has been named Executive Dean, College of Medicine and Vice Chancellor for Health Affairs at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, Tenn., effective October 1, 2018. UMSOM Dean E. Albert Reece, MD, PhD, MBA, announced that, Rodney Taylor, MD, MSPH, Associate Professor of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, will serve as Interim Chair.