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Anthony W. DeMartino, PhD

Academic Title:

Assistant Professor

Primary Appointment:



HSF III Ofc 7174

Phone (Primary):

(410) 706-1253

Education and Training

Undergraduate: Wake Forest University, B.S. in Chemistry & B.A. in German, 2010

Graduate: University of California Santa Barbara, Ph.D. in Chemistry 2017

Postdoctoral Fellowship: University of Pittsburgh, Vascular Medicine Institute, T32 Training in Translational Research in Vascular Biology, 2022 


Founding member of the Laboratory of Translational Medicine (TRx Med)

The mechanisms for nitric oxide (NO) formation and signaling in the red blood cell (RBC) via chemical reduction of nitrite and RBC “endothelial” NO synthase enzyme (RBC eNOS) have been well characterized. However, the mechanism by which erythrocytic NO manages to avoid autocapture and dioxygenation by abundant deoxy- and oxy-hemoglobin remains incompletely explained. One solution we have recently considered is that NO binds labile ferrous heme to make ferrous nitrosyl-heme (NO-ferroheme), shielding otherwise ephemeral NO from sequestration and oxidation. We have characterized a novel fast chemical reaction, thiol-catalyzed reductive nitrosylation, which converts labile pools of oxidized (ferric) heme in the presence of a thiol such as glutathione to NO-ferroheme. This NO-ferroheme shields the NO moiety from scavenging by hemoglobin, is readily formed under physiological conditions, and when transported bound to albumin, potently vasodilates the circulation and inhibits platelet activation (DeMartino et al Nat Chem Biol 2023). My laboratory now seeks to fully characterize NO-ferroheme signaling, cell and tissue transporting mechanisms, and potential druggable applications in vascular diseases states such as severe hypertension and PH work. 

Research/Clinical Keywords

nitric oxide, carbon monoxide poisoning, hemoproteins, thiols, reaction kinetics, bioinorganic chemistry

Highlighted Publications

DeMartino AW, Poudel L, Dent MR, Chen X, Xu Q, Gladwin BS, Tejero J, Basu S, Alipour E, Jiang Y, Rose JJ, Gladwin MT, Kim-Shapiro DB. "Thiol-catalyzed formation of NO-ferroheme regulates intravascular NO signaling." Nat Chem Biol (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41589-023-01413-3 

DeMartino AW, Amdahl MB, Bocian KA et al. “Tunable redox sensor properties of human cytoglobin allosterically regulate heme pocket reactivity.” Free Radical Bio Med (2021), 162, 423-434. DOI: 1016/j.freeradbiomed.2020.10.321

Xu Q, Rose JJ, Chen X, DeMartino AW, et al. “Cell-free and alkylated hemoproteins improve survival in mouse models of carbon monoxide poisoning.” JCI Insight 2022), 7 (21), e153296. DOI: 10.1172/jci.insight.153296

DeMartino AW, Rose JJ, Amdahl MA et al. “No evidence of hemoglobin damage by SARS-CoV-2 infection.” Haematologica (2020), 105 (12), 2769-2773. DOI: 3324/haematol.2020.264267

DeMartino AW, Kim-Shapiro D, Patel R, Gladwin MT. “Nitrite and nitrate chemical biology and signalling.” Bri J Pharmacol (2019), 176 (2), 228-245. DOI: 1111/bph.14484