Director, Center for Stem Cell Biology & Regenerative Medicine
BRB, 14-021 (office); HSF II, S103D (lab)
Education and Training
- Amherst College, BA, Biology/Independent Study, 1966-70 (magna cum-laude)
- Harvard Medical School, MD, 1970-74 (cum-laude)
- Residency in Pediatrics, Boston Children’s Hospital, 1974-76
- Fellowships, Pediatric Hematology-Oncology & Tumor-Immunology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 1976-79
Dr. Civin is a pioneer in stem cell research and cancer research who is known internationally for developing a technology to isolate stem cells from other blood cells. The founding director for the University of Maryland’s Center for Stem Cell Biology & Regenerative Medicine, he has received wide recognition for his groundbreaking 1984 discovery of CD34, which has had a major impact on the field of blood research.
Dr. Civin’s breakthrough discovery of the CD34 lympho-hematopoietic stem cell antigen and monoclonal antibody (Civin et al., J. Immunology 1984) accelerated basic research in stem cell and leukemia biology and improved stem cell transplantation for thousands of patients. This led to multiple honors, including the 1999 National Inventor of the Year Award and the 2009 Landsteiner Award (Civin et al., Transfusion 2010). Through his laboratory research, Dr. Civin accomplished the rare feat of making discoveries that not only opened entirely new directions and continue to empower stem cell, leukemia, and transplantation research, but that are also valuable in clinical bone marrow stem cell transplantation and leukemia diagnosis.
His work led to the first successful stem cell therapies emanating from basic research, as he proved in his own patients (Civin et al., J. Clinical Oncology 1996). CD34 was the first and is still the best marker for hematopoietic stem-progenitor cells, as well as endothelial cells (Beschorner et al., Am. J. Pathology 1985). CD34 monoclonal antibodies have provided an efficient, robust technology to immunoaffinity-purify these key cells. Tens of thousands of scientific articles involve CD34 (e.g., Loken et al., Blood 1987), and thousands of patients have received CD34+ cell transplants and/or have had their mobilized peripheral blood stem cell harvests assessed for numbers of CD34+ cells.
Dr. Civin’s laboratory has 4 decades of expertise with comprehensive studies of normal and malignant hematopoiesis using cell lines, primary human CD34+ hematopoietic stem-progenitor cells, mouse cells, and primary human leukemia cells. His own current research focuses on the roles of key molecules (e.g., Creed et al., Development 2020), including microRNAs (e.g., Georgantas et al. PNAS, 2007) and their targets in normal and leukemic stem-progenitor cells, on targeting leukemias (e.g., Moses et al., Blood Advances 2021), and on applying new bioengineering technologies to problems in hematology and oncology (e.g., Campos-González et al., SLAS Technology 2018).
Dr. Civin and colleagues immunophenotypically identified and characterized most of the major stages and lineages of normal human blood and immune cell development, including the CD34+CD38- subset that is highly enriched in engrafting human hematopoietic stem cells (Civin et al., Blood 1996). The direct clinical impact of CD34 and other monoclonal antibodies made by his lab include many thousands of patients whose leukemias have been sub-classified using immunophenotyping panels. They also developed monoclonal antibody panels that define normal lympho-hematopoietic cell subtypes (e.g., Loken et al., Blood 1987), to determine diagnostic and prognostic subtypes of leukemia cases (e.g., Hurwitz et al., Blood 1988), and to detect minimal residual leukemia (Gore et al., Blood 1991).
Civin’s team discovered several key human stem-progenitor cell molecules, such as the human FLT3 receptor (Small et al., PNAS 1994) and the TNK1 tyrosine kinase. They were among the first to find that certain microRNAs were key normal hematopoietic regulators (e.g., Georgantas et al., PNAS 2007), and they continue to use microRNAs to identify novel target molecules and pathways involved in regulation of normal and leukemic human hematopoiesis, including miR144, miR451, RAB14 (Kim et al., British J. Haematology 2015), EYA and SIX (Creed et al., Development 2020).
Via screens of a repurposing library of 4000 clinical drugs, Dr. Civin and colleagues discovered that artemisinins, which have low/absent clinical toxicity in worldwide use as antimalarials, are active against human leukemia cell lines and primary acute leukemia patient samples in vitro and in mouse xenograft models in vivo. They identified a highly potent analog dimeric analog with prolonged in vivo half-life, artemisinin-derived trioxane diphenylphosphate 838 (ART838) (Mott et al., Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2013). Because multiagent combination regimens are necessary to cure fully evolved leukemias, they sought to identify synergies of artemisinin analogs with established and emerging low toxicity antileukemic drugs. In addition to standard acute myeloid leukemia drugs, tyrosine kinase inhibitors and B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) inhibitors synergized strongly with artemisinins (Fox et al., Oncotarget 2016). Validation assays confirmed that the selective BCL2 inhibitor, venetoclax, and the broad kinase inhibitor, sorafenib, both synergized strongly with artemisinin analogs to inhibit growth and induce apoptotic cell death of multiple acute leukemia cell lines and primary patient samples in vitro. An oral 3-drug “SAV” regimen (sorafenib plus the potent ART838 analog plus venetoclax) efficiently killed leukemia cell lines and primary leukemia cells from patients in vitro but spared normal human hematopoietic progenitor cells. Leukemia cells cultured in ART838 had decreased induced myeloid leukemia cell differentiation protein (MCL1) levels and increased levels of DNA damage-inducible transcript 3 (DDIT3; GADD153) messenger RNA and its encoded CCATT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP), a key component of the integrated stress response. Thus, synergy of the SAV combination may involve combined targeting of MCL1 and BCL2 via discrete, tolerable mechanisms, and cellular levels of MCL1 and DDIT3/CHOP may serve as biomarkers for the mechanism of action of artemisinins and SAV. Finally, SAV treatment was tolerable and resulted in deep responses with extended survival in 2 acute myeloid leukemia cell line xenograft models, both harboring a mixed lineage leukemia gene rearrangement and an FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase-3 internal tandem duplication, and SAV treatment also inhibited growth in 2 AML primagraft models (Moses et al., Blood Advances 2021). They are currently working to further develop patented novel artemisinin analogs for clinical trials and commercialization.
Colleagues at Princeton University and GPB Scientific Inc. had previously developed a deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) microfluidic method to separate cells of various sizes from blood. With NIH STTR grant support, the Civin lab collaborated with them to reduce this technology to practice via a commercially produced, high-precision plastic microfluidic chip-based device designed for automated preparation of human leukocytes for flow cytometry. After a human blood sample was incubated with fluorochrome-conjugated monoclonal antibodies, the mixture was input to a DLD microfluidic chip where it was driven through a micropost array designed to deflect leukocytes on the basis of size from the input flow stream into a buffer stream, thus separating leukocytes from smaller cells and particles and washing them simultaneously. They developed a microfluidic cell processing protocol that recovered ~90% of input leukocytes and removed >99.9% of input erythrocytes and >99% of unbound antibody in <20 minutes. Flow cytometric evaluation of the microchip-processed cell product revealed excellent forward and side light scattering and fluorescence characteristics of immunolabeled leukocytes.
These results indicate that cost-effective plastic DLD microchips can speed and automate leukocyte processing for high-quality flow cytometry analysis, and potentially multiple other research and diagnostic applications (Civin et al., Cytometry A 2016). Subsequently, they extended this work toward therapeutic application via a novel DLD device for processing of large-volume apheresis blood products. Supported by a second NIH STTR grant, they demonstrated efficient leukocyte recovery and erythrocyte/platelet depletion, and the recovered T lymphocytes expanded extensively in culture.
Thus, DLD leukocyte processing provides a path to develop a simple closed and automated system, and simultaneously accomplishes multiple steps that involve potential for human error, microbial contamination, and other current technical challenges associated with manufacture of therapeutic cells such as CAR T-cells. As a result of this collaborative research developing bioengineering tools for blood cell separation, Dr. Civin is an inventor on multiple patents with Princeton and GPB colleagues. Recently, the collaborative team has begun to develop DLD processing of mobilized blood apheresis samples for hematopoietic stem cell therapies, and GPB Scientific Inc. has grown and receives substantial venture capital funding (Campos-González et al., SLAS Technology 2018).
Dr. Civin holds dozens of biomedical patents and is currently a principal or collaborating investigator on multiple peer-reviewed research projects funded by the National Institutes of Health, the state of Maryland, and private foundations. Dr. Civin taught and led research and clinical pediatric oncology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine for 30 years before becoming founding director for the University of Maryland’s Center for Stem Cell Biology & Regenerative Medicine and Associate Dean for Research in 2009.
He has lectured around the world, published more than 250 scientific articles and many book chapters, received many awards, and served in leadership positions of multiple distinguished committees and editorial boards. Throughout his career, he has mentored a large number of talented scientists to pursue field-leading academic careers in translational research.
Stem Cell Biology, Regenerative Medicine, Oncology, Gene Therapy, Hematology, Cancer, Leukemia, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, CD34
Civin CI. CD34 stem cell stories and lessons from the CD34 wars: the Landsteiner Lecture 2009. Transfusion. 2010 Sep;50(9):2046-56. PubMed ID: 20561292; NIHMSID: NIHMS668003.
Civin CI, Trischmann T, Kadan NS, Davis J, Noga S, Cohen K, Duffy B, Groenewegen I, Wiley J, Law P, Hardwick A, Oldham F, Gee A. Highly purified CD34-positive cells reconstitute hematopoiesis. J Clin Oncol. 1996 Aug;14(8):2224-33. PubMed PMID: 8708711.
Loken MR, Shah VO, Dattilio KL, Civin CI. Flow cytometric analysis of human bone marrow. II. Normal B lymphocyte development. Blood. 1987 Nov;70(5):1316-24. PubMed PMID: 3117132.
Beschorner WE, Civin CI, Strauss LC. Localization of hematopoietic progenitor cells in tissue with the anti-My-10 monoclonal antibody. Am J Pathol. 1985 Apr;119(1):1-4. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1888077.
Civin CI, Strauss LC, Brovall C, Fackler MJ, Schwartz JF, Shaper JH. Antigenic analysis of hematopoiesis. III. A hematopoietic progenitor cell surface antigen defined by a monoclonal antibody raised against KG-1a cells. J Immunol. 1984 Jul;133(1):157-65. PubMed PMID: 6586833.
Additional Publication Citations
Civin CI, Almeida-Porada G, Lee MJ, Olweus J, Terstappen LW, Zanjani ED. Sustained, retransplantable, multilineage engraftment of highly purified adult human bone marrow stem cells in vivo. Blood. 1996 Dec 1;88(11):4102-9. PubMed PMID: 8943843.
Gore SD, Kastan MB, Civin CI. Normal human bone marrow precursors that express terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase include T-cell precursors and possible lymphoid stem cells. Blood. 1991 Apr 15;77(8):1681-90. PubMed PMID: 2015396.
Hurwitz CA, Loken MR, Graham ML, Karp JE, Borowitz MJ, Pullen DJ, Civin CI. Asynchronous antigen expression in B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood. 1988 Jul;72(1):299-307. PubMed PMID: 3291983.
Loken MR, Shah VO, Dattilio KL, Civin CI. Flow cytometric analysis of human bone marrow: I. Normal erythroid development. Blood. 1987 Jan;69(1):255-63. PubMed PMID: 2947644.
Creed M., Baldeosingh R., Eberly C.L., Schlee C.S., Kim M.J., Cutler J.A., Pandey A., Civin C.I., Fossett N.G., Kingsbury T.J. PAX-SIX-EYA-DACH Network modulates GATA-FOG function in fly hematopoiesis and human erythropoiesis. Development 2020, 147: dev177022 doi: 10.1242/dev.177022 Published 3 January 2020. PMID: 31806659 PMCID: PMC6983716
Georgantas RW 3rd, Hildreth R, Morisot S, Alder J, Liu CG, Heimfeld S, Calin GA, Croce CM, Civin CI. CD34+ hematopoietic stem-progenitor cell microRNA expression and function: a circuit diagram of differentiation control. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Feb 20;104(8):2750-5. PubMed PMID: 17293455; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1796783.
Kim M, Tan YS, Cheng WC, Kingsbury TJ, Heimfeld S, Civin CI. MIR144 and MIR451 regulate human erythropoiesis via RAB14. Br J Haematol. 2015;168(4):583-97. PubMed PMID: 25312678; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4314389.
Fox JM, Moynihan JR, Mott BT, Mazzone JR, Anders NM, Brown PA, Rudek MA, Liu JO, Arav-Boger R, Posner GH, Civin CI, Chen X. Artemisinin-derived dimer ART-838 potently inhibited human acute leukemias, persisted in vivo, and synergized with antileukemic drugs. Oncotarget. 2016 Feb 9;7(6):7268-79. PubMed PMID: 26771236; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4872784.
Moses BS, McCullough S, Fox JM, Mott BT, Bentzen SM, Kim M, Tyner JW, Lapidus RG, Emadi A, Rudek MA, Kingsbury TJ, Civin CI. Antileukemic efficacy of a potent artemisinin combined with sorafenib and venetoclax. Blood Adv. 2021 Feb 9;5(3):711-724. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7876886.
Mott BT, He R, Chen X, Fox JM, Civin CI, Arav-Boger R, Posner GH. Artemisinin-derived dimer phosphate esters as potent anti-cytomegalovirus (anti-CMV) and anti-cancer agents: a structure-activity study. Bioorg Med Chem. 2013;21(13):3702-7. PubMed PMID: 23673218; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3685872.
Campos-González R, Skelley AM, Gandhi K, Inglis DW, Sturm JC, Civin CI, Ward T. Deterministic Lateral Displacement: The Next-Generation CAR T-Cell Processing? SLAS Technol. 2018;23(4):338-351. PubMed PMID: 29361868.
Civin CI, Ward T, Skelley AM, Gandhi K, Peilun Lee Z, Dosier CR, D'Silva JL, Chen Y, Kim M, Moynihan J, Chen X, Aurich L, Gulnik S, Brittain GC, Recktenwald DJ, Austin RH, Sturm JC. Automated leukocyte processing by microfluidic deterministic lateral displacement. Cytometry A. 2016 Dec;89(12):1073-1083. PubMed PMID: 27875619; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5488292.
Huang TC, Cutler J, Bharne S, Zhong J, Weinstock D, Tyner J, Gojo I, Civin C, Pandey A. Integrated analysis of CRLF2 signaling in acute lymphoblastic leukemia identifies Polo-like kinase 1 as a potential therapeutic target. Leuk Lymphoma. 2015;56(5):1524-7. PubMed PMID: 25213184; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4420723.
Muvarak N, Kelley S, Robert C, Baer MR, Perrotti D, Gambacorti-Passerini C, Civin C, Scheibner K, Rassool FV. c-MYC Generates Repair Errors via Increased Transcription of Alternative-NHEJ Factors, LIG3 and PARP1, in Tyrosine Kinase-Activated Leukemias. Mol Cancer Res. 2015;13(4):699-712. PubMed PMID: 25828893; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4398615.
Huang TC, Renuse S, Pinto S, Kumar P, Yang Y, Chaerkady R, Godsey B, Mendell JT, Halushka MK, Civin CI, Marchionni L, Pandey A. Identification of miR-145 targets through an integrated omics analysis. Mol Biosyst. 2015;11(1):197-207. PubMed PMID: 25354783; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4352311.
Tan YS, Kim M, Kingsbury TJ, Civin CI, Cheng WC. Regulation of RAB5C is important for the growth inhibitory effects of MiR-509 in human precursor-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia. PLoS One. 2014;9(11):e111777. PubMed PMID: 25368993; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4219775.
Heiser D, Tan YS, Kaplan I, Godsey B, Morisot S, Cheng WC, Small D, Civin CI. Correlated miR-mRNA expression signatures of mouse hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell subsets predict "Stemness" and "Myeloid" interaction networks. PLoS One. 2014;9(4):e94852. PubMed PMID: 24747944; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3991639.
Cramer-Morales K, Nieborowska-Skorska M, Scheibner K, Padget M, Irvine DA, Sliwinski T, Haas K, Lee J, Geng H, Roy D, Slupianek A, Rassool FV, Wasik MA, Childers W, Copland M, Müschen M, Civin CI, Skorski T. Personalized synthetic lethality induced by targeting RAD52 in leukemias identified by gene mutation and expression profile. Blood. 2013;122(7):1293-304. PubMed PMID: 23836560; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3744994.
Ramalingam S, London V, Kandavelou K, Cebotaru L, Guggino W, Civin C, Chandrasegaran S. Generation and genetic engineering of human induced pluripotent stem cells using designed zinc finger nucleases. Stem Cells Dev. 2013;22(4):595-610. PubMed PMID: 22931452; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3565436.
Cheng WC, Kingsbury TJ, Wheelan SJ, Civin CI. A simple high-throughput technology enables gain-of-function screening of human microRNAs. Biotechniques. 2013;54(2):77-86. PubMed PMID: 23384178; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3671589.
Farrance I, Civin C. Biochemistry and signaling in stem cells, and vice versa. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013;1830(2):2267. PubMed PMID: 23331875.
Godsey B, Heiser D, Civin C. Inferring microRNA regulation of mRNA with partially ordered samples of paired expression data and exogenous prediction algorithms. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e51480. PubMed PMID: 23284698; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3526609.
Scheibner KA, Teaboldt B, Hauer MC, Chen X, Cherukuri S, Guo Y, Kelley SM, Liu Z, Baer MR, Heimfeld S, Civin CI. MiR-27a functions as a tumor suppressor in acute leukemia by regulating 14-3-3θ. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e50895. PubMed PMID: 23236401; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3517579.
Prince OD, Langdon JM, Layman AJ, Prince IC, Sabogal M, Mak HH, Berger AE, Cheadle C, Chrest FJ, Yu Q, Andrews NC, Xue QL, Civin CI, Walston JD, Roy CN. Late stage erythroid precursor production is impaired in mice with chronic inflammation. Haematologica. 2012;97(11):1648-56. PubMed PMID: 22581006; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3487436.
Chu SH, Heiser D, Li L, Kaplan I, Collector M, Huso D, Sharkis SJ, Civin C, Small D. FLT3-ITD knockin impairs hematopoietic stem cell quiescence/homeostasis, leading to myeloproliferative neoplasm. Cell Stem Cell. 2012;11(3):346-58. PubMed PMID: 22958930; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3725984.
Yu D, Zhan XH, Zhao XF, Williams MS, Carey GB, Smith E, Scott D, Zhu J, Guo Y, Cherukuri S, Civin CI, Zhan X. Mice deficient in MIM expression are predisposed to lymphomagenesis. Oncogene. 2012;31(30):3561-8. PubMed PMID: 22081072; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3350826.
Sharkis SJ, Jones RJ, Civin C, Jang YY. Pluripotent stem cell-based cancer therapy: promise and challenges. Sci Transl Med. 2012;4(127):127ps9. PubMed PMID: 22461639; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3397797.
Zhang H, Cui Y, Voong N, Sabatino M, Stroncek DF, Morisot S, Civin CI, Wayne AS, Levine BL, Mackall CL. Activating signals dominate inhibitory signals in CD137L/IL-15 activated natural killer cells. J Immunother. 2011;34(2):187-95. PubMed PMID: 21304401; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3128544.
Kaplan IM, Morisot S, Heiser D, Cheng WC, Kim MJ, Civin CI. Deletion of tristetraprolin caused spontaneous reactive granulopoiesis by a non-cell-autonomous mechanism without disturbing long-term hematopoietic stem cell quiescence. J Immunol. 2011;186(5):2826-34. PubMed PMID: 21270394; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3114656.
Lebson L, Gocke A, Rosenzweig J, Alder J, Civin C, Calabresi PA, Whartenby KA. Cutting edge: The transcription factor Kruppel-like factor 4 regulates the differentiation of Th17 cells independently of RORγt. J Immunol. 2010;185(12):7161-4. PubMed PMID: 21076063; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3071015.
Morisot S, Wayne AS, Bohana-Kashtan O, Kaplan IM, Gocke CD, Hildreth R, Stetler-Stevenson M, Walker RL, Davis S, Meltzer PS, Wheelan SJ, Brown P, Jones RJ, Shultz LD, Civin CI. High frequencies of leukemia stem cells in poor-outcome childhood precursor-B acute lymphoblastic leukemias. Leukemia. 2010;24(11):1859-66. PubMed PMID: 20739953; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3035974.
Huang CR, Schneider AM, Lu Y, Niranjan T, Shen P, Robinson MA, Steranka JP, Valle D, Civin CI, Wang T, Wheelan SJ, Ji H, Boeke JD, Burns KH. Mobile interspersed repeats are major structural variants in the human genome. Cell. 2010;141(7):1171-82. PubMed PMID: 20602999; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2943426.
Kandavelou K, Ramalingam S, London V, Mani M, Wu J, Alexeev V, Civin CI, Chandrasegaran S. Targeted manipulation of mammalian genomes using designed zinc finger nucleases. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009;388(1):56-61. PubMed PMID: 19635463; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2744961.
Bohana-Kashtan O, Morisot S, Hildreth R, Brayton C, Levitsky HI, Civin CI. Selective reduction of graft-versus-host disease-mediating human T cells by ex vivo treatment with soluble Fas ligand. J Immunol. 2009;183(1):696-705. Epub 2009 Jun 17. PubMed PMID: 19535642; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3072680
Hematopoiesis, leukemia, cancer biology, stem cell biology, stem cell purification, stem cell transduction, stem cell gene editing
Awards and Affiliations
- 2018: Inaugural Small Family Visiting Professor in Pediatric Oncology, Johns Hopkins University
- 2016: Hometown Health Heroes, Jewish Museum of Maryland
- 2015: ASH Mentor Award, American Society of Hematology
- 2013: Baltimore Jewish Hall of Fame, Gordon Jewish Community Center
- 2011: John L. Kellerman III Memorial Lecture, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund
- 2009: Karl Landsteiner Memorial Award & Lectureship, American Association of Blood Banks
- 2009: Influential Marylanders, The Daily Record
- 2008: David G. Marsh Genetics of Asthma and Allergic Diseases Award and Lecture, Johns Hopkins University
- 2006: Return of the Child Award, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society of America
- 2003-2017: NFCR Fellow Award, National Foundation for Cancer Research
- 2001: Innovator of the Year, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society of America
- 2001: Doctor of Science (honorary), Amherst College
- 2000 2009: Herman & Walter Samuelson Chair in Cancer Research, Johns Hopkins University
- 1999: National Inventor of the Year Award, Intellectual Property Owners Association
- 1999: Hope Award for extraordinary achievement, Leukemia Society of America
- 1997: Kantor Family Prize for Cancer Research Excellence, Kantor Family
- 1995-2011: Best Doctors Awards, US News & World Report, Baltimore Magazine, Castle Connolly, Woodward/White
- 1993 - 2000: King Fahd Chair in Pediatric Oncology, Johns Hopkins University
- 1992: Member, American Society of Clinical Investigation
- 1989: Distinguished Service Award for Leukemia Research, Leukemia Society of America
- 1986: Dr Frederick Stohlman Award, Leukemia Society of America
- 1984-1989: Scholar Award, Leukemia Society of America
- 1980-1983: ACS Junior Clinical Faculty Fellow, American Cancer Society
- 1974: Soma Weiss Award, Harvard Medical School
- 1974: Cum Laude, Harvard Medical School
- 1970: Oscar E. Schotte Award and Scholarship in Biology, Amherst College
- 1970: Magna cum Laude, Amherst College
- 1970: Phi Beta Kappa, Amherst College
- 1970: Sigma Xi, Amherst College
- 1966: National Honor Society Scholarship, Amherst College
- Active Staff in Oncology and Pediatrics, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, 1979-2009
- Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Professor, Oncology and Pediatrics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1979-2009