Division of Neonatology
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Faculty members in the Division of Neonatology are actively involved in clinical care, research, education and service. They serve as national and international leaders promoting children’s health and improving babies’ neurodevelopmental and pulmonary outcomes. Dina El Metwally, MD, PhD, is the Interim Division Head for Neonatology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.
The Neonatology Division maintains the Level IV 52-bed Drs. Rouben and Violet Jiji Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and the Level III 15–bed NICU at University of Maryland Prince George’s Hospital Center and offers comprehensive evaluation and treatment for all critically ill neonates, including extremely low birth-weight infants and those with surgical, neurological, genetic and cardiac conditions. Specialists are available 24 hours a day and services are made available to assist families in taking care of these babies, both in the short term in the hospital and also following discharge to home. In the NICU, the Division provides family-centered care and offers a variety of educational and supportive programs for parents, extended family members and siblings. After discharge, eligible babies attend our NICU Follow-Up Program where they receive neurodevelopmental check-ups that include individualized plans for fostering development.
A specialized neonatal transport team, shared by the University of Maryland Medical Center and the Johns Hopkins Hospital, provides ambulance and helicopter transportation for critically ill infants throughout the state and beyond.
Programs / Areas of Expertise
- Clinical Expertise - University of Maryland Children's Hospital
- The Drs Rouben and Violet Jiji Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
- NICU Follow-Up Program
- Center for Infant & Child Loss
- Maryland Regional Neonatal Transport Program
- NICU Family Support (March of Dimes)
- Maryland’s PRIDE (Premature Infant Developmental Enrichment)
- Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
- Car seat challenge test
- Early detection of abnormal neurodevelopment
- Early intervention
- Environmental exposures in the NICU
- Exposure impact on social behavior
- Evaluating hemodynamic status in premature infants
- Impact of health policy on infant mortality
- Intestinal innate immunity
- Neonatal opiate withdrawal
- Neonatal RBC transfusion
- Neuronal plasticity
- Noninvasive evaluation of regional tissue perfusion using near-infrared spectroscopy(NIRS)
- Normal and abnormal neurodevelopment
- Nutritional support for neurodevelopment
- Outcomes related to multiple transfusion and anemia preventive strategies
- Palliative care
- Quality improvement
- Laboratory space for the division is located both on Bressler 13th floor and Howard Hall. The Bressler Neonatology laboratories cover 6,000 square feet. Major equipment includes 2 laminar flow hoods, 2 tissue culture incubators, Beckman ultracentrifuge, gel electrophoresis apparatus and power source, dissecting microscope, and facilitate both biochemical and neurobehavioral studies.
- An additional research laboratory space is dedicated in the NICU to support clinical research.
- Faculty provide educational grand rounds and teaching at local, regional, national and international institutions.
- Faculty train the next generation of academic neonatologists through our neonatology fellowship program. We currently have 3 fellows per year for a three year program with a total of 9 fellows in training.
- Faculty train pediatric residents in the acute and maintenance care of critically ill newborns, focusing on nutrition, ventilation management, and quality improvement/patient safety.
- Faculty provide neurodevelopmental training for undergraduate and graduate students from other University of Maryland campuses.
- Faculty train and mentor medical students during their 3rd and 4th year rotations and in research projects throughout their training.
The fellowship program at UM SOM currently has three fellows a year for a total of 9 fellows. A broad range of research opportunities are available for fellows to meet the criteria for board eligibility. For interested individuals, clinical fellowship can be combined with a Masters in Clinical Sciences, Masters in Public Health, or PhD for Clinicians Program. Our fellowship meets all requirements of the Residency Review Committee for Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine and is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. To learn more, please visit our website.
The University of Maryland Neonatal-Perinatal fellowship training program provides fellows with:
- A comprehensive educational experience in the care of the critically ill newborn.
- Emphasis is placed on the fundamentals of clinical diagnosis and management of problems seen in the continuum of development from the prenatal through the intrapartum and neonatal periods, including longitudinal follow-up.
- Protected time for scholarly work during the three year allows fellows time to focus on their research experience.