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James M. Gold, PhD

Academic Title:


Primary Appointment:


Additional Title:

Professor of Psychiatry


Catonsville, Maryland

Phone (Primary):

(410) 402-7871


(410) 401- 7198

Education and Training

1973-77           B.A. 1977       HampshireCollege, Amherst, Massachusetts


1979-80                                   Graduate Faculty, New School for Social Research

                                                  New York, New York


1980-86           PH.D. 1986     Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies

                                                Adelphi University, Garden City, New York



1986-87           Post-Doc         Clinical Neuropsychology,  Cornell Medical Center,

                                                 Westchester Division.



I received my Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from Adelphi University isn 1986.  I then did a Post-Dco in Clinical Neuropsychology at Cornell Medical Center, Westchester Division.  I then moved to the NIMH Intramural Research Program where the schizophrenia research program was based at the NIMH Neuropsychiatric Research Hospital, then at St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Washington DC.  I moved to the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center in 1995.






Research/Clinical Keywords

schizophrenia, attention, working memory, motivation, negative symptoms

Highlighted Publications

Gold J, Carpenter C, Randolph C, Goldberg T, Weinberger D.  Auditory working memory and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance in schizophrenia.  Archives of General Psychiatry 1997; 54:159-165.

Gold JM, Waltz JA, Prentice KJ. Morris SE, Heerey EA.  Reward processing in schizophrenia: A deficit in the representation of value.  Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2008; 34(5):835-847.  PMCID:PMC2518641

Gold JM, Hahn B, Zhang W, Robinson BM, Kappenman ES, Beck VM, Luck SJ.  Reduced capacity but spared precision and maintenance of working memory representations in schizophrenia.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 2010; 67(6):570-577.  PMCID: PMC2883794

Gold JM, Waltz JA, Matveeva TM, Kasanova Z, Strauss GP, Herbener ES, Collins AGE, Frank MJ.  Negative symptoms in schizophrenia result from a failure to represent the expected value of rewards: behavioral and computational modeling evidence.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 2012, 69:129-138.


Gold JM, Strauss GP, Waltz JA, Robinson BM, Brown JK, Frank MJ.  Negative symptoms of schizophrenia are associated with abnormal effort-cost computations.  Biological Psychiatry 2013; 74(2):130-136.  PMCID: PMC3703817

Sawaki R, Kreither J, Leonard CJ, Kaiser ST, Hahn B, Gold JM, Luck SJ.  Hyperfocusing of attention on goal-related information in schizophrenia: Evidence from electrophysiology.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology 2016 Oct 6 [Epub ahead of print]





Research Interests

My major area of work is to better understand the mechanisms thare are involved in the cogntive and motivational deficits that are seen in people with schizophrenia. We use a variety of techniques including behavioral experiments, EEG, fMRI, and computational modeling.

Awards and Affiliations

8/2012             Alexander Gralnick Investigator Award, American Psychological Foundation.

2014:              ISI Highly Cited Researcher

2015:              ISI Highly Cited Researcher

Grants and Contracts

Clinical and Computational Studies of Dopamine Function in Schizophrenia.  (NIMH 2R01 MH080066-06A1); 04/01/2007-05/31/2018; $500,655 annual direct costs; (PI: James M. Gold) 

4/5-Cognitive Neuroscience Task Reliability & Clinical Applications Consortium.  (NIMH 2R01 MH084821-04A1); 09/30/2008-06/30/2017; $142,878 annual direct costs; (PI: James M. Gold)


Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention and Working Memory in Schizophrenia (NIMH 5R01 MH065034-11); 09/27/01-03/31/18; $556,434 annual direct costs; (PI: James M. Gold)