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Allen P. Burke, MD

Academic Title:


Primary Appointment:


Additional Title:

Section head, autopsy and thoracic pathology


22 S. Greene St., Baltimore

Phone (Primary):


Phone (Secondary):




Education and Training

University of California at Los Angeles, BA, Microbiology, 1975

University of California at Los Angeles, MD, 1979


Dr. Burke is a leading academic pathologist with primary specialty expertise in thoracic pathology. His clinical research has involved the pathology of coronary atherosclerosis, sudden cardiac death, cardiomyopathy, cardiac tumors, carcinomas of the lung, interstitial lung disease, and mesotheliomas of the peritoneum and pleura.  He is the author of over 200 peer-reviewed publications in these areas.

Research/Clinical Keywords

Atherosclerosis, sudden death, cardiomyopathy, carcinoma of the lung, malignant mesothelioma.

Highlighted Publications

Todd NW, Galvin JR, Sachdeva A, Luzina IG, Atamas SP, and Burke AP. Microscopic organizing pneumonia and cellular non-specific interstitial pneumonia are widespread in macroscopically normal-appearing lung tissue in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2016.

PubMed PMID: 27590591.


Burke A and Tavora F. The 2015 WHO Classification of Tumors of the Heart and Pericardium. J Thorac Oncol. 2016;11:441-52.

PubMed PMID: 26725181.


Alexander HR, Jr. and Burke AP. Diagnosis and management of patients with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. J Gastrointest Oncol. 2016;7:79-86.. PubMed PMID: 26941986


Travis WD, Brambilla E, Burke AP, Marx A, and Nicholson AG. Introduction to The 2015 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Lung, Pleura, Thymus, and Heart. J Thorac Oncol. 2015;10:1240-2.

PubMed PMID: 26291007.


Xu L, Tavora F, and Burke A. Histologic features associated with metastatic potential in invasive adenocarcinomas of the lung. Am J Surg Pathol. 2013;37:1100-8.

PubMed PMID: 23681071.

Additional Publication Citations

1.      Inaba S, Mintz GS, Burke AP, Stone GW, Virmani R, Matsumura M, Parvataneni R, Puri R, Nicholls SJ, and Maehara A. Intravascular Ultrasound and Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Characterization of Thin-Cap Fibroatheroma. Am J Cardiol. 2017;119:372-378.

2.      Zhang MC, Shen Y, Xue A, He M, Cresswell N, Li L, Zhao Z, Jiang Y, and Burke A. Morphologic features of culprit lesions in sudden coronary death with family history of premature coronary artery disease. Forensic Sci Int. 2016;266:412-415.

3.      Matsumura M, Mintz GS, Kang SJ, Sum ST, Madden SP, Burke AP, Goldstein J, Parvataneni R, Stone GW, Muller JE, Virmani R, and Maehara A. Intravascular ultrasound and near-infrared spectroscopic features of coronary lesions with intraplaque haemorrhage. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016.

4.      Jonas SN, Kligerman SJ, Burke AP, Frazier AA, and White CS. Pulmonary Valve Anatomy and Abnormalities: A Pictorial Essay of Radiography, Computed Tomography (CT), and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). J Thorac Imaging. 2016;31:W4-W12.

5.      Jeudy J, Burke AP, and Frazier AA. Cardiac Lymphoma. Radiol Clin North Am. 2016;54:689-710.

6.      Dixon RK, Britt EJ, Netzer GA, Afshar M, Burke A, Liu S, Jean J, and Shah NG. Ten-year Single Center Experience of Pulmonary Carcinoid Tumors and Diagnostic Yield of Bronchoscopic Biopsy. Lung. 2016;194:905-910.

7.      Zhang M, Xue A, Shen Y, Oliveira JB, Li L, Zhao Z, and Burke A. Mutations of desmoglein-2 in sudden death from arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and sudden unexplained death. Forensic Sci Int. 2015;255:85-8.

8.      Trimble CR, Burke A, and Kligerman S. Primary Cardiac Osteosarcoma: AIRP Best Cases in Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation. Radiographics. 2015;35:1352-7.

9.      Todd NW, Marciniak ET, Sachdeva A, Kligerman SJ, Galvin JR, Luzina IG, Atamas SP, and Burke AP. Organizing pneumonia/non-specific interstitial pneumonia overlap is associated with unfavorable lung disease progression. Respir Med. 2015;109:1460-8.

10.    Staats P, Kligerman S, Todd N, Tavora F, Xu L, and Burke A. A comparative study of honeycombing on high resolution computed tomography with histologic lung remodeling in explants with usual interstitial pneumonia. Pathol Res Pract. 2015;211:55-61.

11.    Kang SJ, Mintz GS, Pu J, Sum ST, Madden SP, Burke AP, Xu K, Goldstein JA, Stone GW, Muller JE, Virmani R, and Maehara A. Combined IVUS and NIRS detection of fibroatheromas: histopathological validation in human coronary arteries. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2015;8:184-94.

12.    Jeudy J, Burke AP, White CS, Kramer GB, and Frazier AA. Cardiac sarcoidosis: the challenge of radiologic-pathologic correlation: from the radiologic pathology archives. Radiographics. 2015;35:657-79.

13.    Franco M, Amoroso A, Burke AP, Britt EJ, and Reed RM. Pulmonary mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumor in a lung transplant patient: progression without therapy and response to therapy. Transpl Infect Dis. 2015.

14.    Zhang M, Cresswell N, Tavora F, Mont E, Zhao Z, and Burke A. In-stent restenosis is associated with neointimal angiogenesis and macrophage infiltrates. Pathol Res Pract. 2014;210:1026-30.

15.    Xu L, Heath J, and Burke A. Ascending aortitis: a clinicopathological study of 21 cases in a series of 300 aortic repairs. Pathology. 2014;46:296-305.

16.    Xu L, Collins J, Drachenberg C, Kukuruga D, and Burke A. Increased macrophage density of cardiac allograft biopsies is associated with antibody-mediated rejection and alloantibodies to HLA antigens. Clin Transplant. 2014;28:554-60.

17.    Staats P, Tavora F, and Burke AP. Intimal sarcomas of the aorta and iliofemoral arteries: a clinicopathological study of 26 cases. Pathology. 2014;46:596-603.

18.    Pu J, Mintz GS, Biro S, Lee JB, Sum ST, Madden SP, Burke AP, Zhang P, He B, Goldstein JA, Stone GW, Muller JE, Virmani R, and Maehara A. Insights into echo-attenuated plaques, echolucent plaques, and plaques with spotty calcification: novel findings from comparisons among intravascular ultrasound, near-infrared spectroscopy, and pathological histology in 2,294 human coronary artery segments. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014;63:2220-33.

19.    Maleszewski JJ, Tavora F, and Burke AP. Do "intimal" sarcomas of the heart exist? Am J Surg Pathol. 2014;38:1158-9.

20.    Liu SZ, Staats PN, Goicochea L, Alexiev BA, Shah N, Dixon R, and Burke AP. Automated quantification of Ki-67 proliferative index of excised neuroendocrine tumors of the lung. Diagn Pathol. 2014;9:174.

21.    Liu S, Staats P, Lee M, Alexander HR, and Burke AP. Diffuse mesothelioma of the peritoneum: correlation between histological and clinical parameters and survival in 73 patients. Pathology. 2014;46:604-9.

22.    Collins JA, Zhang Y, and Burke AP. Pathologic findings in native infective endocarditis. Pathol Res Pract. 2014;210:997-1004.

23.    Alexiev BA, Burke AP, Drachenberg CB, Richards SM, and Zou YS. Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma of the kidney with prominent papillary component, a non-classic morphologic variant. A histologic, immunohistochemical, electron microscopic and fluorescence in situ hybridization study. Pathol Res Pract. 2014;210:454-8.

24.    Zhang M, Tavora F, Zhang Y, Ripple M, Fowler D, Li L, Zhao Z, and Burke A. The role of focal myocardial inflammation in sudden unexpected cardiac and noncardiac deaths--a clinicopathological study. Int J Legal Med. 2013;127:131-8.

25.    Zhang M, Li L, Fowler D, Zhao Z, Wei D, Zhang Y, and Burke A. Causes of sudden death in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. J Forensic Sci. 2013;58:1171-4.

26.    Xu L, Kligerman S, and Burke A. End-stage sarcoid lung disease is distinct from usual interstitial pneumonia. Am J Surg Pathol. 2013;37:593-600.

27.    Xu L, Frazier A, and Burke A. Isolated pulmonary amyloidomas: report of 3 cases with histologic and imaging findings. Pathol Res Pract. 2013;209:62-6.

28.    Xu L, Drachenberg C, Tavora F, and Burke A. Histologic findings in lung biopsies in patients with suspected graft-versus-host disease. Hum Pathol. 2013;44:1233-40.

29.    Xu L and Burke A. Pulmonary metastasis from a low grade mucinous appendiceal neoplasm. Pathology. 2013;45:186-8.

30.    Xu L and Burke A. Acute medial dissection of the ascending aorta: evolution of reactive histologic changes. Am J Surg Pathol. 2013;37:1275-82.

31.    Wei D, Yuan X, Yang T, Chang L, Zhang X, Burke A, Fowler D, and Li L. Sudden unexpected death due to Graves' disease during physical altercation. J Forensic Sci. 2013;58:1374-7.

32.    Torres AF, Braga DN, Muniz F, Mendonca C, Oliveira DN, de Souza ET, Burke A, and Tavora F. Lymphocytic myocarditis at autopsy in patients with dengue fever. Braz J Infect Dis. 2013;17:619-21.

33.    Todd NW, Scheraga RG, Galvin JR, Iacono AT, Britt EJ, Luzina IG, Burke AP, and Atamas SP. Lymphocyte aggregates persist and accumulate in the lungs of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. J Inflamm Res. 2013;6:63-70.

34.    Tavora F, Zhang M, Cresswell N, Li L, Fowler D, Franco M, and Burke A. Quantitative Immunohistochemistry of Desmosomal Proteins (Plakoglobin, Desmoplakin and Plakophilin), Connexin-43, and N-cadherin in Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy: An Autopsy Study. Open Cardiovasc Med J. 2013;7:28-35.

35.    Luzina IG, Kopach P, Lockatell V, Kang PH, Nagarsekar A, Burke AP, Hasday JD, Todd NW, and Atamas SP. Interleukin-33 potentiates bleomycin-induced lung injury. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2013;49:999-1008.

36.    Lee M, Alexander HR, and Burke A. Diffuse mesothelioma of the peritoneum: a pathological study of 64 tumours treated with cytoreductive therapy. Pathology. 2013;45:464-73.

37.    Zhang M, Tavora F, Oliveira JB, Li L, Franco M, Fowler D, Zhao Z, and Burke A. PKP2 mutations in sudden death from arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) and sudden unexpected death with negative autopsy (SUDNA). Circ J. 2012;76:189-94.

38.    Zhang M, Tavora F, Li L, Fowler D, Zhao Z, and Burke A. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: reassessing the link with the desmosome. Pathology. 2012;44:596-604.

39.    Zhang M, Tavora F, Huebner T, Heath J, and Burke A. Allograft pathology in patients transplanted for idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Am J Surg Pathol. 2012;36:389-95.

40.    Zhang M, Shields J, Zhang Y, Li L, Fowler D, Zhao Z, and Burke A. Correlation between coronary plaque burden and heart weight. Pathol Res Pract. 2012;208:610-4.

41.    Xu L, Tavora F, and Burke A. 'Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma': is the term really dead? A critical review of a new classification system for pulmonary adenocarcinomas. Pathology. 2012;44:497-505.

42.    Xu L, Tavora F, Battafarano R, and Burke A. Adenocarcinomas with prominent lepidic spread: retrospective review applying new classification of the American Thoracic Society. Am J Surg Pathol. 2012;36:273-82.

43.    Xu L, Jeudy J, and Burke AP. Ectopic hepatic tissue presenting as right atrial mass. Hum Pathol. 2012;43:958-60.

44.    Xu L and Burke AP. Pulmonary oligometastases: histological features and difficulties in determining site of origin. Int J Surg Pathol. 2012;20:577-88.

45.    Tavora F, Zhang Y, Zhang M, Li L, Ripple M, Fowler D, and Burke A. Cardiomegaly is a common arrhythmogenic substrate in adult sudden cardiac deaths, and is associated with obesity. Pathology. 2012;44:187-91.

46.    Tavora F, Zhang M, Franco M, Oliveira JB, Li L, Fowler D, Zhao Z, Cresswell N, and Burke A. Distribution of biventricular disease in arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy: an autopsy study. Hum Pathol. 2012;43:592-6.

47.    Jeudy J, Kirsch J, Tavora F, Burke AP, Franks TJ, Mohammed TL, Frazier AA, and Galvin JR. From the radiologic pathology archives: cardiac lymphoma: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 2012;32:1369-80.

48.    Frazier AA and Burke AP. The imaging of pulmonary hypertension. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2012;33:535-51.

49.    Zhang M, Tavora F, and Burke A. Desmosomal protein gene mutations in patients with idiopathic DCM. Heart. 2011;97:2090.

50.    Xu L, Drachenberg C, and Burke A. Intimal IgM lambda paraprotein deposition in myocardial arteries resulting in acute myocardial infarction and sudden death. Pathology. 2011;43:732-4.

51.    Tavora F, Munivenkatappa R, Papadimitriou J, Drachenberg C, Sailey C, Mehra M, and Burke A. Endothelitis in cardiac allograft biopsy specimens: possible relationship to antibody-mediated rejection. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2011;30:435-44.

52.    Tavora F, Cresswell N, Li L, Ripple M, Fowler D, and Burke A. Sudden coronary death caused by pathologic intimal thickening without atheromatous plaque formation. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2011;20:51-7.

53.    Tavora F, Burke A, and Oliveira JB. Re: Inherited cardiomyopathies mimicking arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2011;20:387-8.

54.    Li L, Burke A, He J, Chang L, Zielke HR, and Fowler DR. Sudden unexpected death due to inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the heart: a case report and review of the literature. Int J Legal Med. 2011;125:81-5.

55.    Lee JB, Mintz GS, Lisauskas JB, Biro SG, Pu J, Sum ST, Madden SP, Burke AP, Goldstein J, Stone GW, Virmani R, Muller JE, and Maehara A. Histopathologic validation of the intravascular ultrasound diagnosis of calcified coronary artery nodules. Am J Cardiol. 2011;108:1547-51.

56.    Eckart RE, Shry EA, Burke AP, McNear JA, Appel DA, Castillo-Rojas LM, Avedissian L, Pearse LA, Potter RN, Tremaine L, Gentlesk PJ, Huffer L, Reich SS, Stevenson WG, and Department of Defense Cardiovascular Death Registry G. Sudden death in young adults: an autopsy-based series of a population undergoing active surveillance. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011;58:1254-61.

57.    Tavora F, Li L, Ripple M, Fowler D, and Burke A. Morphologic characteristic of coronary artery disease, with emphasis on thromboses, in patients younger than 40 years of age. Patholog Res Int. 2010;2010:628247.

58.    Tavora F, Li L, and Burke A. Sudden coronary death in children. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2010;19:336-9.

59.    Tavora F, Kutys R, Li L, Ripple M, Fowler D, and Burke A. Adventitial lymphocytic inflammation in human coronary arteries with intimal atherosclerosis. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2010;19:e61-8.

60.    Tavora F, Cresswell N, Li L, Ripple M, Fowler D, and Burke A. Morphologic features of exertional versus nonexertional sudden death in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardiol. 2010;105:532-7.

61.    Tavora F, Cresswell N, Li L, Ripple M, and Burke A. Immunolocalisation of fibrin in coronary atherosclerosis: implications for necrotic core development. Pathology. 2010;42:15-22.

62.    Tavora F, Cresswell N, Li L, Fowler D, and Burke A. [Frequency of acute plaque ruptures and thin cap atheromas at sites of maximal stenosis]. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2010;94:143-9, 153-9, 145-51.

63.    Li L, Burke A, Zhang X, and Fowler D. Sudden unexpected death due to left ventricular noncompaction of myocardium: case report and review of the literature. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2010;31:122-4.

64.    Laskin WB, Fanburg-Smith JC, Burke AP, Kraszewska E, Fetsch JF, and Miettinen M. Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava: clinicopathologic study of 40 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2010;34:873-81.

65.    Burke A, Creighton W, Tavora F, Li L, and Fowler D. Decreased frequency of the 3'UTR T>G single nucleotide polymorphism of thrombospondin-2 gene in sudden death due to plaque erosion. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2010;19:e45-9.

66.    Barton JH, Tavora F, Farb A, Li L, and Burke AP. Unusual cardiovascular manifestations of sarcoidosis, a report of three cases: coronary artery aneurysm with myocardial infarction, symptomatic mitral valvular disease, and sudden death from ruptured splenic artery. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2010;19:e119-23.

67.    Xie H, Teach JS, Burke AP, Lucchesi LD, Wu PC, and Sarao RC. Laparoscopic repair of inferior vena caval injury using a chitosan-based hemostatic dressing. Am J Surg. 2009;197:510-4.

68.    Tavora FR, Ripple M, Li L, and Burke AP. Monocytes and neutrophils expressing myeloperoxidase occur in fibrous caps and thrombi in unstable coronary plaques. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2009;9:27.

69.    Tavora FR and Burke AP. Pleomorphic sarcoma metastatic to the duodenum? Rare Tumors. 2009;1:e5.

70.    Tavora F, Drachenberg C, Iacono A, and Burke AP. Quantitation of T lymphocytes in posttransplant transbronchial biopsies. Hum Pathol. 2009;40:505-15.

71.    Tavora F, Creswell N, and Burke AP. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. N Engl J Med. 2009;360:2784; author reply 2785-6.

72.    Tavora F, Cresswell N, Li L, Ripple M, Solomon C, and Burke A. Comparison of necropsy findings in patients with sarcoidosis dying suddenly from cardiac sarcoidosis versus dying suddenly from other causes. Am J Cardiol. 2009;104:571-7.

73.    Schwartz RS, Burke A, Farb A, Kaye D, Lesser JR, Henry TD, and Virmani R. Microemboli and microvascular obstruction in acute coronary thrombosis and sudden coronary death: relation to epicardial plaque histopathology. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009;54:2167-73.

74.    Sailey CJ, Alexiev BA, Gammie JS, Pinell-Salles P, Stafford JL, and Burke A. Crystal-storing histiocytosis as a cause of symptomatic cardiac mass. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2009;133:1861-4.

75.    Khanna AK, Xu J, Uber PA, Burke AP, Baquet C, and Mehra MR. Tobacco smoke exposure in either the donor or recipient before transplantation accelerates cardiac allograft rejection, vascular inflammation, and graft loss. Circulation. 2009;120:1814-21.

76.    Garcia-Garcia HM, Mintz GS, Lerman A, Vince DG, Margolis MP, van Es GA, Morel MA, Nair A, Virmani R, Burke AP, Stone GW, and Serruys PW. Tissue characterisation using intravascular radiofrequency data analysis: recommendations for acquisition, analysis, interpretation and reporting. EuroIntervention. 2009;5:177-89.

77.    Tavora F, Gonzalez-Cuyar LF, Dalal JS, O'Malley MT, Zhao R, Peng HQ, and Burke AP. Fatal parvoviral myocarditis: a case report and review of literature. Diagn Pathol. 2008;3:21.

78.    Tavora F, Crowder CD, Sun CC, and Burke AP. Discrepancies between clinical and autopsy diagnoses: a comparison of university, community, and private autopsy practices. Am J Clin Pathol. 2008;129:102-9.

79.    Tavora F, Burke A, Li L, Franks TJ, and Virmani R. Postmortem confirmation of Lyme carditis with polymerase chain reaction. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2008;17:103-7.

80.    Tavora F, Burke A, Kutys R, Li L, and Virmani R. Total anomalous origin of the coronary circulation from the right pulmonary artery. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2008;17:246-9.

81.    Nakazawa G, Finn AV, Joner M, Ladich E, Kutys R, Mont EK, Gold HK, Burke AP, Kolodgie FD, and Virmani R. Delayed arterial healing and increased late stent thrombosis at culprit sites after drug-eluting stent placement for acute myocardial infarction patients: an autopsy study. Circulation. 2008;118:1138-45.

82.    Gonzalez-Cuyar LF, Tavora F, Zhao XF, Wang G, Auerbach A, Aguilera N, and Burke AP. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia developing in a patient with history of peripheral T-cell lymphoma: evidence for multicentric T-cell lymphoproliferative process. Diagn Pathol. 2008;3:22.

83.    Gonzalez-Cuyar LF, Cresswell NB, and Burke AP. Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate) aspiration. Diagn Pathol. 2008;3:27.

84.    Gardner CM, Tan H, Hull EL, Lisauskas JB, Sum ST, Meese TM, Jiang C, Madden SP, Caplan JD, Burke AP, Virmani R, Goldstein J, and Muller JE. Detection of lipid core coronary plaques in autopsy specimens with a novel catheter-based near-infrared spectroscopy system. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2008;1:638-48.

85.    Burke AP, Tavora F, Narula N, Tomaszewski JE, and Virmani R. Aortitis and ascending aortic aneurysm: description of 52 cases and proposal of a histologic classification. Hum Pathol. 2008;39:514-26.

86.    Burke A and Virmani R. Pediatric heart tumors. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2008;17:193-8.

87.    Burke A, Jeudy J, Jr., and Virmani R. Cardiac tumours: an update: Cardiac tumours. Heart. 2008;94:117-23.

88.    Tavora FR, Jeudy J, and Burke AP. Multiple aneurysms of aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts with fatal rupture. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2007;88:e107-10.

89.    Kolodgie FD, Narula J, Yuan C, Burke AP, Finn AV, and Virmani R. Elimination of neoangiogenesis for plaque stabilization: is there a role for local drug therapy? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007;49:2093-101.

90.    Kolodgie FD, Nakazawa G, Sangiorgi G, Ladich E, Burke AP, and Virmani R. Pathology of atherosclerosis and stenting. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2007;17:285-301, vii.

91.    Kolodgie FD, Burke AP, Nakazawa G, and Virmani R. Is pathologic intimal thickening the key to understanding early plaque progression in human atherosclerotic disease? Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2007;27:986-9.

92.    Kolodgie FD, Burke AP, Nakazawa G, Cheng Q, Xu X, and Virmani R. Free cholesterol in atherosclerotic plaques: where does it come from? Curr Opin Lipidol. 2007;18:500-7.

93.    Joner M, Farb A, Cheng Q, Finn AV, Acampado E, Burke AP, Skorija K, Creighton W, Kolodgie FD, Gold HK, and Virmani R. Pioglitazone inhibits in-stent restenosis in atherosclerotic rabbits by targeting transforming growth factor-beta and MCP-1. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2007;27:182-9.

94.    Gonzalez-Cuyar LF, Tavora F, Burke AP, Gocke CD, Zimrin A, Sauk JJ, and Zhao XF. Monomorphic post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder of the tongue: case report and review of literature. Diagn Pathol. 2007;2:49.

95.    Gammie JS, Yankey GK, Nolan T, Wu ZJ, Dickfeld T, Cartier C, Tremblay A, Macneil TP, Burke A, and Griffith BP. Beating heart direct left atrial access balloon cryoablation: safety and efficacy of pulmonary vein isolation in an ovine model. Innovations (Phila). 2007;2:188-91.

96.    Diethrich EB, Pauliina Margolis M, Reid DB, Burke A, Ramaiah V, Rodriguez-Lopez JA, Wheatley G, Olsen D, and Virmani R. Virtual histology intravascular ultrasound assessment of carotid artery disease: the Carotid Artery Plaque Virtual Histology Evaluation (CAPITAL) study. J Endovasc Ther. 2007;14:676-86.

97.    Burke AP and Virmani R. Pathophysiology of acute myocardial infarction. Med Clin North Am. 2007;91:553-72; ix.

98.    Burke AP, Kolodgie FD, and Virmani R. Fetuin-A, valve calcification, and diabetes: what do we understand? Circulation. 2007;115:2464-7.

99.    Burke A, Li L, Kling E, Kutys R, Virmani R, and Miettinen M. Cardiac inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor: a "benign" neoplasm that may result in syncope, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Am J Surg Pathol. 2007;31:1115-22.

100.  Alexiev BA, Drachenberg CB, and Burke AP. Thymomas: a cytological and immunohistochemical study, with emphasis on lymphoid and neuroendocrine markers. Diagn Pathol. 2007;2:13.

101.  Virmani R, Ladich ER, Burke AP, and Kolodgie FD. Histopathology of carotid atherosclerotic disease. Neurosurgery. 2006;59:S219-27; discussion S3-13.

102.  Virmani R, Burke AP, and Kolodgie F. Morphological characteristics of coronary atherosclerosis in diabetes mellitus. Can J Cardiol. 2006;22 Suppl B:81B-84B.

103.  Virmani R, Burke AP, Farb A, and Kolodgie FD. Pathology of the vulnerable plaque. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006;47:C13-8.

104.  Pessanha BS, Potter K, Kolodgie FD, Farb A, Kutys R, Mont EK, Burke AP, O'Leary T J, and Virmani R. Characterization of intimal changes in coronary artery specimens with MR microscopy. Radiology. 2006;241:107-15.

105.  Ladich E, Burke A, and Virmani R. Should the autopsy be allowed to become obsolete? Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med. 2006;3:289.

106.  Kolodgie FD, Burke AP, Skorija KS, Ladich E, Kutys R, Makuria AT, and Virmani R. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 protein expression in the natural progression of human coronary atherosclerosis. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2006;26:2523-9.

107.  Creighton W, Virmani R, Kutys R, and Burke A. Identification of novel missense mutations of cardiac ryanodine receptor gene in exercise-induced sudden death at autopsy. J Mol Diagn. 2006;8:62-7.

108.  Burke AP, Joner M, and Virmani R. IVUS-VH: a predictor of plaque morphology? Eur Heart J. 2006;27:1889-90.

109.  Virmani R, Kolodgie FD, Burke AP, Finn AV, Gold HK, Tulenko TN, Wrenn SP, and Narula J. Atherosclerotic plaque progression and vulnerability to rupture: angiogenesis as a source of intraplaque hemorrhage. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005;25:2054-61.

110.  Tester DJ, Kopplin LJ, Creighton W, Burke AP, and Ackerman MJ. Pathogenesis of unexplained drowning: new insights from a molecular autopsy. Mayo Clin Proc. 2005;80:596-600.

111.  Granada JF, Moreno PR, Burke AP, Schulz DG, Raizner AE, and Kaluza GL. Endovascular needle injection of cholesteryl linoleate into the arterial wall produces complex vascular lesions identifiable by intravascular ultrasound: early development in a porcine model of vulnerable plaque. Coron Artery Dis. 2005;16:217-24.

112.  Burke AP, Mont E, Kolodgie F, and Virmani R. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura causing rapid unexpected death: value of CD61 immunohistochemical staining in diagnosis. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2005;14:150-5.

113.  Burke A, Mont E, Kutys R, and Virmani R. Left ventricular noncompaction: a pathological study of 14 cases. Hum Pathol. 2005;36:403-11.

114.  Burke A, Creighton W, Mont E, Li L, Hogan S, Kutys R, Fowler D, and Virmani R. Role of SCN5A Y1102 polymorphism in sudden cardiac death in blacks. Circulation. 2005;112:798-802.

115.  Xie H, Wolf RF, Burke AP, Gustafson SB, Gregory KW, and Prahl SA. Concentrated albumin as a biological glue for hemorrhage control on hepatic resection with argon beam coagulation. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2004;71:84-9.

116.  Xie H, Bendre SC, Burke AP, Gregory KW, and Furnary AP. Laser-assisted vascular end to end anastomosis of elastin heterograft to carotid artery with an albumin stent: a preliminary in vivo study. Lasers Surg Med. 2004;35:201-5.

117.  Kolodgie FD, Virmani R, Burke AP, Farb A, Weber DK, Kutys R, Finn AV, and Gold HK. Pathologic assessment of the vulnerable human coronary plaque. Heart. 2004;90:1385-91.

118.  Kolodgie FD, Burke AP, Wight TN, and Virmani R. The accumulation of specific types of proteoglycans in eroded plaques: a role in coronary thrombosis in the absence of rupture. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2004;15:575-82.

119.  Fischer JW, Steitz SA, Johnson PY, Burke A, Kolodgie F, Virmani R, Giachelli C, and Wight TN. Decorin promotes aortic smooth muscle cell calcification and colocalizes to calcified regions in human atherosclerotic lesions. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2004;24:2391-6.

120.  Farb A, Kolodgie FD, Hwang JY, Burke AP, Tefera K, Weber DK, Wight TN, and Virmani R. Extracellular matrix changes in stented human coronary arteries. Circulation. 2004;110:940-7.

121.  Burke AP, Kutys R, Fowler D, and Virmani R. Multiple spontaneous coronary artery dissections in association with anomalous origin of right coronary and intramural coronary artery dysplasia. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2004;13:173-5.

122.  Burke AP, Kolodgie FD, Zieske A, Fowler DR, Weber DK, Varghese PJ, Farb A, and Virmani R. Morphologic findings of coronary atherosclerotic plaques in diabetics: a postmortem study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2004;24:1266-71.

123.  Burke AP, Jarvelainen H, Kolodgie FD, Goel A, Wight TN, and Virmani R. Superficial pseudoaneurysms: clinicopathologic aspects and involvement of extracellular matrix proteoglycans. Mod Pathol. 2004;17:482-8.

124.  Virmani R, Burke AP, Kolodgie FD, and Farb A. Pathology of the thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque. J Interv Cardiol. 2003;16:267-72.

125.  Naghavi M, Libby P, Falk E, Casscells SW, Litovsky S, Rumberger J, Badimon JJ, Stefanadis C, Moreno P, Pasterkamp G, Fayad Z, Stone PH, Waxman S, Raggi P, Madjid M, Zarrabi A, Burke A, Yuan C, Fitzgerald PJ, Siscovick DS, de Korte CL, Aikawa M, Airaksinen KE, Assmann G, Becker CR, Chesebro JH, Farb A, Galis ZS, Jackson C, Jang IK, Koenig W, Lodder RA, March K, Demirovic J, Navab M, Priori SG, Rekhter MD, Bahr R, Grundy SM, Mehran R, Colombo A, Boerwinkle E, Ballantyne C, Insull W, Jr., Schwartz RS, Vogel R, Serruys PW, Hansson GK, Faxon DP, Kaul S, Drexler H, Greenland P, Muller JE, Virmani R, Ridker PM, Zipes DP, Shah PK, and Willerson JT. From vulnerable plaque to vulnerable patient: a call for new definitions and risk assessment strategies: Part II. Circulation. 2003;108:1772-8.

126.  Miettinen M, Kopczynski J, Makhlouf HR, Sarlomo-Rikala M, Gyorffy H, Burke A, Sobin LH, and Lasota J. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors, intramural leiomyomas, and leiomyosarcomas in the duodenum: a clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular genetic study of 167 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2003;27:625-41.

127.  Kolodgie FD, Gold HK, Burke AP, Fowler DR, Kruth HS, Weber DK, Farb A, Guerrero LJ, Hayase M, Kutys R, Narula J, Finn AV, and Virmani R. Intraplaque hemorrhage and progression of coronary atheroma. N Engl J Med. 2003;349:2316-25.

128.  Farb A, Burke AP, Kolodgie FD, and Virmani R. Pathological mechanisms of fatal late coronary stent thrombosis in humans. Circulation. 2003;108:1701-6.

129.  Dean T, Mont E, Kutys R, Burke A, and Pestaner J. Unusual complication of sternotomy: bone fragment induced right ventricular rupture after mitral valve replacement surgery. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003;51:42-4.

130.  Burke AP, Virmani R, Galis Z, Haudenschild CC, and Muller JE. 34th Bethesda Conference: Task force #2--What is the pathologic basis for new atherosclerosis imaging techniques? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003;41:1874-86.

131.  Wolf DA, Burke AP, Patterson KV, and Virmani R. Sudden death following rupture of a right ventricular aneurysm 9 months after ablation therapy of the right ventricular outflow tract. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2002;25:1135-7.

132.  Virmani R, Burke AP, Kolodgie FD, and Farb A. Vulnerable plaque: the pathology of unstable coronary lesions. J Interv Cardiol. 2002;15:439-46.

133.  Virmani R, Burke AP, Farb A, and Kolodgie FD. Pathology of the unstable plaque. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2002;44:349-56.

134.  Kurup AN, Tazelaar HD, Edwards WD, Burke AP, Virmani R, Klarich KW, and Orszulak TA. Iatrogenic cardiac papillary fibroelastoma: a study of 12 cases (1990 to 2000). Hum Pathol. 2002;33:1165-9.

135.  Kolodgie FD, Burke AP, Farb A, Weber DK, Kutys R, Wight TN, and Virmani R. Differential accumulation of proteoglycans and hyaluronan in culprit lesions: insights into plaque erosion. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2002;22:1642-8.

136.  Grebenc ML, Rosado-de-Christenson ML, Green CE, Burke AP, and Galvin JR. Cardiac myxoma: imaging features in 83 patients. Radiographics. 2002;22:673-89.

137.  Farb A, Weber DK, Kolodgie FD, Burke AP, and Virmani R. Morphological predictors of restenosis after coronary stenting in humans. Circulation. 2002;105:2974-80.

138.  Burke AP, Tracy RP, Kolodgie F, Malcom GT, Zieske A, Kutys R, Pestaner J, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Elevated C-reactive protein values and atherosclerosis in sudden coronary death: association with different pathologies. Circulation. 2002;105:2019-23.

139.  Burke AP, Kolodgie FD, Farb A, Weber D, and Virmani R. Morphological predictors of arterial remodeling in coronary atherosclerosis. Circulation. 2002;105:297-303.

140.  Burke AP, Gatto-Weis C, Griego JE, Ellington KS, and Virmani R. Adult cellular rhabdomyoma of the heart: a report of 3 cases. Hum Pathol. 2002;33:1092-7.

141.  Burke AP, Fonseca V, Kolodgie F, Zieske A, Fink L, and Virmani R. Increased serum homocysteine and sudden death resulting from coronary atherosclerosis with fibrous plaques. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2002;22:1936-41.

142.  Burke AP, Farb A, Pestaner J, Malcom GT, Zieske A, Kutys R, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Traditional risk factors and the incidence of sudden coronary death with and without coronary thrombosis in blacks. Circulation. 2002;105:419-24.

143.  Burke AP, Farb A, Kolodgie FD, Narula J, and Virmani R. Atherosclerotic plaque morphology and coronary thrombi. J Nucl Cardiol. 2002;9:95-103.

144.  Virmani R, Kolodgie FD, Farb A, and Burke AP. Pathology of Direct Myocardial Revascularization. Curr Interv Cardiol Rep. 2001;3:198-204.

145.  Virmani R, Burke AP, and Farb A. Sudden cardiac death. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2001;10:275-82.

146.  Schmermund A, Schwartz RS, Adamzik M, Sangiorgi G, Pfeifer EA, Rumberger JA, Burke AP, Farb A, and Virmani R. Coronary atherosclerosis in unheralded sudden coronary death under age 50: histo-pathologic comparison with 'healthy' subjects dying out of hospital. Atherosclerosis. 2001;155:499-508.

147.  Miettinen M, Furlong M, Sarlomo-Rikala M, Burke A, Sobin LH, and Lasota J. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors, intramural leiomyomas, and leiomyosarcomas in the rectum and anus: a clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular genetic study of 144 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2001;25:1121-33.

148.  Kolodgie FD, Burke AP, Farb A, Gold HK, Yuan J, Narula J, Finn AV, and Virmani R. The thin-cap fibroatheroma: a type of vulnerable plaque: the major precursor lesion to acute coronary syndromes. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2001;16:285-92.

149.  Huang H, Virmani R, Younis H, Burke AP, Kamm RD, and Lee RT. The impact of calcification on the biomechanical stability of atherosclerotic plaques. Circulation. 2001;103:1051-6.

150.  Burke AP, Weber DK, Kolodgie FD, Farb A, Taylor AJ, and Virmani R. Pathophysiology of calcium deposition in coronary arteries. Herz. 2001;26:239-44.

151.  Burke AP and Virmani R. Localized vasculitis. Semin Diagn Pathol. 2001;18:59-66.

152.  Burke AP, Kolodgie FD, Farb A, Weber DK, Malcom GT, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Healed plaque ruptures and sudden coronary death: evidence that subclinical rupture has a role in plaque progression. Circulation. 2001;103:934-40.

153.  Burke AP, Farb A, Malcom G, and Virmani R. Effect of menopause on plaque morphologic characteristics in coronary atherosclerosis. Am Heart J. 2001;141:S58-62.

154.  Brunner-La Rocca HP, Vogt PR, Burke AP, Schneider J, Jenni R, and Turina MI. A primary cardiac sarcoma with unusual histology and clinical course. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001;71:1675-7.

155.  Beach L, Burke A, Radentz S, and Virmani R. Spontaneous fatal rupture of a coronary arterial aneurysm into the right ventricle*. Am J Cardiol. 2001;88:A8, 99-100.

156.  Beach L, Burke A, Chute D, and Virmani R. Anomalous origin of 4 coronary ostia from the right sinus of Valsalva in a patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2001;125:1489-90.

157.  Virmani R, Kolodgie FD, Burke AP, Farb A, and Schwartz SM. Lessons from sudden coronary death: a comprehensive morphological classification scheme for atherosclerotic lesions. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2000;20:1262-75.

158.  Taylor AJ, Burke AP, O'Malley PG, Farb A, Malcom GT, Smialek J, and Virmani R. A comparison of the Framingham risk index, coronary artery calcification, and culprit plaque morphology in sudden cardiac death. Circulation. 2000;101:1243-8.

159.  Kolodgie FD, Narula J, Burke AP, Haider N, Farb A, Hui-Liang Y, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Localization of apoptotic macrophages at the site of plaque rupture in sudden coronary death. Am J Pathol. 2000;157:1259-68.

160.  Grebenc ML, Rosado de Christenson ML, Burke AP, Green CE, and Galvin JR. Primary cardiac and pericardial neoplasms: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 2000;20:1073-103; quiz 1110-1, 1112.

161.  Burke AP, Taylor A, Farb A, Malcom GT, and Virmani R. Coronary calcification: insights from sudden coronary death victims. Z Kardiol. 2000;89 Suppl 2:49-53.

162.  Burke AP, Andriko JA, and Virmani R. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (CD 30+), T-phenotype, in the heart of an HIV-positive man. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2000;9:49-52.

163.  Burke A and Virmani R. Significance of multiple coronary artery thrombi. A consequence of diffuse atherosclerotic disease? Ital Heart J. 2000;1:832-4.

164.  Virmani R, Kolodgie FD, Farb A, and Burke AP. Pathology of Transmyocardial Angiogenesis and Arteriogenesis. Curr Interv Cardiol Rep. 1999;1:215-221.

165.  Virmani R, Burke AP, and Farb A. Plaque rupture and plaque erosion. Thromb Haemost. 1999;82 Suppl 1:1-3.

166.  Taylor AJ, Burke AP, Farb A, Yousefi P, Malcom GT, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Arterial remodeling in the left coronary system: the role of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999;34:760-7.

167.  Makhlouf HR, Burke AP, and Sobin LH. Carcinoid tumors of the ampulla of Vater: a comparison with duodenal carcinoid tumors. Cancer. 1999;85:1241-9.

168.  Burke AP, Robinson S, Radentz S, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Sudden death in right ventricular dysplasia with minimal gross abnormalities. J Forensic Sci. 1999;44:438-43.

169.  Burke AP, Farb A, Malcom GT, Liang Y, Smialek JE, and Virmani R. Plaque rupture and sudden death related to exertion in men with coronary artery disease. JAMA. 1999;281:921-6.

170.  Burke AP, Afzal MN, Barnett DS, and Virmani R. Sudden death after a cold drink: case report. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1999;20:37-9.

171.  Arbustini E, Dal Bello B, Morbini P, Burke AP, Bocciarelli M, Specchia G, and Virmani R. Plaque erosion is a major substrate for coronary thrombosis in acute myocardial infarction. Heart. 1999;82:269-72.

172.  Virmani R, Farb A, and Burke AP. Risk factors in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease. Compr Ther. 1998;24:519-29.

173.  Virmani R, Burke AP, and Farb A. Plaque morphology in sudden coronary death. Cardiologia. 1998;43:267-71.

174.  Virmani R, Burke A, and Farb A. Coronary risk factors and plaque morphology in men with coronary disease who died suddenly. Eur Heart J. 1998;19:678-80.

175.  Burke AP, Virmani R, Perry LW, Li L, King TM, and Smialek J. Fatal Kawasaki disease with coronary arteritis and no coronary aneurysms. Pediatrics. 1998;101:108-12.

176.  Burke AP and Virmani R. Intramural coronary artery dysplasia of the ventricular septum and sudden death. Hum Pathol. 1998;29:1124-7.

177.  Burke AP, Ribe JK, Bajaj AK, Edwards WD, Farb A, and Virmani R. Hamartoma of mature cardiac myocytes. Hum Pathol. 1998;29:904-9.

178.  Burke AP, Mezzetti T, Farb A, Zech ER, and Virmani R. Multiple coronary artery graft occlusion in a fatal case of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Chest. 1998;114:1492-5.

179.  Burke AP, Farb A, Tashko G, and Virmani R. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and fatty replacement of the right ventricular myocardium: are they different diseases? Circulation. 1998;97:1571-80.

180.  Burke AP, Farb A, Malcom GT, Liang Y, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Effect of risk factors on the mechanism of acute thrombosis and sudden coronary death in women. Circulation. 1998;97:2110-6.

181.  Burke A and Virmani R. Inflammatory aneurysm or Takayasu's disease? Ann Thorac Surg. 1998;65:1835-6.

182.  Virmani R, Burke AP, Farb A, and Kark JA. Causes of sudden death in young and middle-aged competitive athletes. Cardiol Clin. 1997;15:439-66.

183.  Burke AP, Thomas RM, Elsayed AM, and Sobin LH. Carcinoids of the jejunum and ileum: an immunohistochemical and clinicopathologic study of 167 cases. Cancer. 1997;79:1086-93.

184.  Burke AP, Kalra P, Li L, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Infectious endocarditis and sudden unexpected death: incidence and morphology of lesions in intravenous addicts and non-drug abusers. J Heart Valve Dis. 1997;6:198-203.

185.  Burke AP, Farb A, Tang A, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Fibromuscular dysplasia of small coronary arteries and fibrosis in the basilar ventricular septum in mitral valve prolapse. Am Heart J. 1997;134:282-91.

186.  Burke AP, Farb A, Malcom GT, Liang YH, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Coronary risk factors and plaque morphology in men with coronary disease who died suddenly. N Engl J Med. 1997;336:1276-82.

187.  Wenig BM, Thompson LD, Frankel SS, Burke AP, Abbondanzo SL, Sesterhenn I, and Heffner DK. Lymphoid changes of the nasopharyngeal and palatine tonsils that are indicative of human immunodeficiency virus infection. A clinicopathologic study of 12 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 1996;20:572-87.

188.  Virmani R, Farb A, and Burke A. Contraction-band necrosis: new use for an old friend. Lancet. 1996;347:1710-1.

189.  Litovsky SH, Farb A, Burke AP, Rabin IY, Herderick EE, Cornhill JF, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Effect of age, race, body surface area, heart weight and atherosclerosis on coronary artery dimensions in young males. Atherosclerosis. 1996;123:243-50.

190.  Litovsky SH, Burke AP, and Virmani R. Giant cell myocarditis: an entity distinct from sarcoidosis characterized by multiphasic myocyte destruction by cytotoxic T cells and histiocytic giant cells. Mod Pathol. 1996;9:1126-34.

191.  Frankel SS, Wenig BM, Burke AP, Mannan P, Thompson LD, Abbondanzo SL, Nelson AM, Pope M, and Steinman RM. Replication of HIV-1 in dendritic cell-derived syncytia at the mucosal surface of the adenoid. Science. 1996;272:115-7.

192.  Farb A, Burke AP, Tang AL, Liang TY, Mannan P, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Coronary plaque erosion without rupture into a lipid core. A frequent cause of coronary thrombosis in sudden coronary death. Circulation. 1996;93:1354-63.

193.  Cina SJ, Smialek JE, Burke AP, Virmani R, and Hutchins GM. Primary cardiac tumors causing sudden death: a review of the literature. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1996;17:271-81.

194.  Burke AP, Litovsky S, and Virmani R. Lipomatous hypertrophy of the atrial septum presenting as a right atrial mass. Am J Surg Pathol. 1996;20:678-85.

195.  Burke AP, Farb A, Liang YH, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Effect of hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy on coronary artery morphology in sudden cardiac death. Circulation. 1996;94:3138-45.

196.  Burke A and Virmani R. More on cardiac myxomas. N Engl J Med. 1996;335:1462-63; author reply 1463-4.

197.  Virmani R, Burke AP, Farb A, and Smialek J. Problems in forensic cardiovascular pathology. Monogr Pathol. 1995;37:173-93.

198.  Farb A, Tang AL, Burke AP, Sessums L, Liang Y, and Virmani R. Sudden coronary death. Frequency of active coronary lesions, inactive coronary lesions, and myocardial infarction. Circulation. 1995;92:1701-9.

199.  Duflou J, Virmani R, Rabin I, Burke A, Farb A, and Smialek J. Sudden death as a result of heart disease in morbid obesity. Am Heart J. 1995;130:306-13.

200.  Colleran JA, Burke AP, Mosley AL, Jr., Green SE, Breall JA, and Virmani R. Subvalvular left ventricular outflow tract obstruction caused by "rhinonodular" calcification. Cardiovasc Pathol. 1995;4:123-6.

201.  Burke AP, Sobin LH, and Virmani R. Localized vasculitis of the gastrointestinal tract. Am J Surg Pathol. 1995;19:338-49.

202.  Burke AP, Anderson D, Benson W, Turnicky R, Mannan P, Liang YH, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Localization of human immunodeficiency virus 1 RNA in thymic tissues from asymptomatic drug addicts. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1995;119:36-41.

203.  Virmani R, Farb A, and Burke AP. Coronary angioplasty from the perspective of atherosclerotic plaque: morphologic predictors of immediate success and restenosis. Am Heart J. 1994;127:163-79.

204.  Burke AP, Rosado-de-Christenson M, Templeton PA, and Virmani R. Cardiac fibroma: clinicopathologic correlates and surgical treatment. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1994;108:862-70.

205.  Burke AP, Farb A, Sessums L, and Virmani R. Causes of sudden cardiac death in patients with replacement valves: an autopsy study. J Heart Valve Dis. 1994;3:10-6.

206.  Burke AP, Anderson D, Mannan P, Ribas JL, Liang YH, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Systemic lymphadenopathic histology in human immunodeficiency virus-1-seropositive drug addicts without apparent acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Hum Pathol. 1994;25:248-56.

207.  Burke A and Sobin L. More about myoglandular polyps. Am J Surg Pathol. 1994;18:749-50.

208.  Burke AP and Mostofi FK. Spermatocytic seminoma. A clinicopathologic study of 79 cases. . J Urologic Pathol. 1993 1:21-32.

209.  Virmani R, Farb A, and Burke AP. Ischemia from myocardial coronary bridging: fact or fancy? Hum Pathol. 1993;24:687-8.

210.  Burke AP and Virmani R. Sarcomas of the great vessels. A clinicopathologic study. Cancer. 1993;71:1761-73.

211.  Burke AP and Virmani R. Cardiac myxoma. A clinicopathologic study. Am J Clin Pathol. 1993;100:671-80.

212.  Burke AP, Subramanian R, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Nonatherosclerotic narrowing of the atrioventricular node artery and sudden death. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993;21:117-22.

213.  Burke AP, Benson W, Ribas JL, Anderson D, Chu WS, Smialek J, and Virmani R. Postmortem localization of HIV-1 RNA by in situ hybridization in lymphoid tissues of intravenous drug addicts who died unexpectedly. Am J Pathol. 1993;142:1701-13.

214.  Farb A, Galloway JR, Davis RC, Burke AP, and Virmani R. Mitral valve laceration and papillary muscle rupture secondary to percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty. Am J Cardiol. 1992;69:829-30.

215.  Farb A, Burke AP, and Virmani R. Anatomy and pathology of the right ventricle (including acquired tricuspid and pulmonic valve disease). Cardiol Clin. 1992;10:1-21.

216.  Burke AP, Farb A, and Virmani R. Causes of sudden death in athletes. Cardiol Clin. 1992;10:303-17.

217.  Burke AP, Cowan D, and Virmani R. Primary sarcomas of the heart. Cancer. 1992;69:387-95.

218.  Burke A and Sobin L. The histogenesis of appendiceal carcinoid tumours. Histopathology. 1992;21:600-1.

219.  Burke AP and Virmani R. Cardiac rhabdomyoma: a clinicopathologic study. Mod Pathol. 1991;4:70-4.

220.  Burke AP and Virmani R. Osteosarcomas of the heart. Am J Surg Pathol. 1991;15:289-95.

221.  Burke AP, Sobin LH, Shekitka KM, and Helwig EB. Dysplasia of the stomach and Barrett esophagus: a follow-up study. Mod Pathol. 1991;4:336-41.

222.  Burke AP, Saenger J, Mullick F, and Virmani R. Hypersensitivity myocarditis. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1991;115:764-9.

223.  Burke AP, Farb A, Virmani R, Goodin J, and Smialek JE. Sports-related and non-sports-related sudden cardiac death in young adults. Am Heart J. 1991;121:568-75.

224.  Burke AP, Farb A, and Virmani R. The pathology of primary pulmonary hypertension. Mod Pathol. 1991;4:269-82.

225.  Burke AP, Farb A, Robinowitz M, and Virmani R. Serial sectioning and multiple level examination of endomyocardial biopsies for the diagnosis of myocarditis. Mod Pathol. 1991;4:690-3.

226.  Federspiel BH, Burke AP, Sobin LH, and Shekitka KM. Rectal and colonic carcinoids. A clinicopathologic study of 84 cases. Cancer. 1990;65:135-40.

227.  Federspiel BH, Burke AP, Shekitka KM, and Sobin LH. Carcinoembryonic antigen and carcinoids of the gastrointestinal tract. Mod Pathol. 1990;3:586-90.

228.  Burke AP, Yen TS, Shekitka KM, and Sobin LH. Lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the stomach with Epstein-Barr virus demonstrated by polymerase chain reaction. Mod Pathol. 1990;3:377-80.

229.  Burke AP, Sobin LH, Shekitka KM, Federspiel BH, and Helwig EB. Somatostatin-producing duodenal carcinoids in patients with von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis. A predilection for black patients. Cancer. 1990;65:1591-5.

230.  Burke AP, Sobin LH, Shekitka KM, Federspiel BH, and Helwig EB. Intra-abdominal fibromatosis. A pathologic analysis of 130 tumors with comparison of clinical subgroups. Am J Surg Pathol. 1990;14:335-41.

231.  Burke AP, Sobin LH, Shekitka KM, and Avallone FA. Correlation of nucleolar organizer regions and glandular dysplasia of the stomach and esophagus. Mod Pathol. 1990;3:357-60.

232.  Burke AP, Sobin LH, and Shekitka KM. Mesenteric fibromatosis. A follow-up study. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1990;114:832-5.

233.  Burke AP, Sobin LH, Federspiel BH, Shekitka KM, and Helwig EB. Carcinoid tumors of the duodenum. A clinicopathologic study of 99 cases. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1990;114:700-4.

234.  Burke AP, Sobin LH, Federspiel BH, Shekitka KM, and Helwig EB. Goblet cell carcinoids and related tumors of the vermiform appendix. Am J Clin Pathol. 1990;94:27-35.

235.  Burke AP and Sobin LH. Eroded polypoid hyperplasia of the rectosigmoid. Am J Gastroenterol. 1990;85:975-80.

236.  Burke AP, Anderson PG, Virmani R, James TN, Herrera GA, and Ceballos R. Tumor of the atrioventricular nodal region. A clinical and immunohistochemical study. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1990;114:1057-62.

237.  Burke A, Johns JP, and Virmani R. Hemangiomas of the heart. A clinicopathologic study of ten cases. Am J Cardiovasc Pathol. 1990;3:283-90.

238.  Dachman AH, Buck JL, Burke AP, and Sobin LH. Cronkhite-Canada syndrome: radiologic features. Gastrointest Radiol. 1989;14:285-90.

239.  Burke AP, Sobin LH, Federspiel BH, and Shekitka KM. Appendiceal carcinoids: correlation of histology and immunohistochemistry. Mod Pathol. 1989;2:630-7.

240.  Burke AP and Sobin LH. The pathology of Cronkhite-Canada polyps. A comparison to juvenile polyposis. Am J Surg Pathol. 1989;13:940-6.

241.  Burke AP and Helwig EB. Gangliocytic paraganglioma. Am J Clin Pathol. 1989;92:1-9.

242.  Burke AP, Federspiel BH, Sobin LH, Shekitka KM, and Helwig EB. Carcinoids of the duodenum. A histologic and immunohistochemical study of 65 tumors. Am J Surg Pathol. 1989;13:828-37.

243.  Shekitka KM and Burke AP. Case for diagnosis. Fundic gland polyposis. Mil Med. 1988;153:648-9, 653-4.

244.  Burke AP and Mostofi FK. Placental alkaline phosphatase immunohistochemistry of intratubular malignant germ cells and associated testicular germ cell tumors. Hum Pathol. 1988;19:663-70.

245.  Burke AP and Mostofi FK. Intratubular malignant germ cells in testicular biopsies: clinical course and identification by staining for placental alkaline phosphatase. Mod Pathol. 1988;1:475-9.


Awards and Affiliations


Harlan I. Firminger Faculty Teaching Award, University of Maryland, 2013

Harlan I. Firminger Faculty Teaching Award, University of Maryland, 2013

Best Attending Pathologist Teacher in Anatomic Pathology, University of Maryland, 2013

Editorial Board Member, Pathology, 2004- present

Editorial Board Member, AJSP Reviews and Reports, 2016-presentSn e

Grants and Contracts

Senior/Key person from the University of Maryland

NIH SF 424, National Mesothelioma Virtual Bank, OH009077