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Additional Title:

Chief of Trauma



T1R38, Shock Trauma

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Education and Training

Cornell University, BA, 1993

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, MD, 1997

The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, MPH, 2004


Residency, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, 2002

Fellowship, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, 2003

Fellowship in Traumatology and Administrative Fellow, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland Medical Center 2004


Deborah M. Stein, MD, MPH, earned her Bachelor of Arts degree from Cornell University, her Medical Degree from Albert Einstein College of Medicine and her Master of Public Health from Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health with certificates in both Injury Control and Health Policy.  She completed her general surgery residency at Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and a fellowship in Trauma/Surgical Critical Care at the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center at the University of Maryland Medical Center.  She is board certified in General Surgery and Surgical Critical Care and has subspecialty certification from the United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties in Neurocritical Care.  She is a fellow in the American College of Surgeons and the American College of Critical Care Medicine.


Upon completion of her fellowship in 2004, Dr. Stein joined the faculty at the University of Maryland School of Medicine as an Assistant Professor.  In 2009, she was promoted to Associate Professor and received Tenure in 2013.  She was promoted to Professor with Tenure in 2015.  In 2016 Dr. Stein was named the R Adams Cowley Professor in Shock and Trauma.  Since completing her fellowship, Dr. Stein has served in a number of roles at the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center.  She currently serves as the Medical Director for Neurotrauma Critical Care, Medical Director for the Trauma Resuscitation Unit, Co-Director of the Neurotrauma Center for the State of Maryland, and as the Chief of Trauma at the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center.


Dr. Stein has authored 150+ peer-reviewed articles and 16 book chapters.  Her national service includes active participation in major trauma, critical care, and surgical societies including serving as Secretary, Executive Board Member, Board of Directors, Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma.  She serves as Chair of the Research Committee and Member of the EMS, TQIP and Membership Committees for the American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma.  She serves as Chair of the Geriatric Trauma/ACS Committee for the American Assoication for the Surgery of Trauma and is a Member of the Scholarship Committee for the American College of Surgeons.  She also serves on the Editorial Board for the Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery and is an Examination Consultant for the Board of Surgery.


Dr. Stein is involved in medical student activities serving as a mentor and advisor to several students each year at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.  Additionally, Dr. Stein mentors numerous residents and fellows each year and has been the recipient of numerous teaching awards.

Research/Clinical Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury, Hemorrhagic Shock, Biomechanics of Injury

Highlighted Publications

Brenner M, Stein DM, Hu PF, Aarabi B, Sheth KN, Scalea TM. Traditional blood pressure targets underestimate hypertension-induced secondary brain injury. J Trauma. 2012;72(5):1457-7.

Brenner, M, Stein DM, Hu P, Kufera J, Wooford M, Scalea TM. Association between early hyperoxia and worse outcomes after traumatic brain injury. Arch Surg. 2012;147(11):1042-1046.

Stein DM, Brenner M, Hu PF, Yang S, Hall EC, Stansbury LG, Menaker J, Scalea TM. Timing of intracranial hypertension following severe traumatic brain injury. Neurocit Care. 2013;18(3):332-340.

Colton K, Yang S, Hu PF, Chen HH, Bonds B, Scalea TM, Stein DM. Intracranial pressure response after pharmacologic treatment of intracranial hypertension. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014;77(1):47-53.

Holcomb JB, Tilley BC, Baraniuk S, Fox EE, Wade CE, Podbielski JM, del Junco DJ, Brasel KJ, Bulger EM, Callcut RA, Cohen MJ, Cotton BA, Fabian TC, Inaba K, Kerby JD, Muskat P, O'Keeffe T, Rizoli S, Robinson BRH, Scalea TM, Schreiber MA, Stein DM, Weinberg JA, Callum JL, Hess JR, Matijevic N, Miller CN, Pittet J-F, Hoyt DB, Pearson GD, Leroux B, van Belle G for the PROPPR Study Group. Transfusion of plasma, platelets, and red blood cells in a 1:1:1 vs. a 1:1:2 ratio and mortability in patients with severe trauma. The PROPPR Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2015;313(5):471-482.

Bonds BW, Dhanda A, Wade C, Massetti J, Diaz C, Stein DM. Prognostication of mortality and long term outcomes following traumatic brain injury: Can we do better? J Neurotrauma. 2015 July 31 [Epub ahead of print].

Bond BW, Yang S, Hu PF, Kalpakis K, Stansbury L, Scalea TM, Stein DM. Predicting secondary insults after severe traumatic brain injury. J Trauma. 2015;79(1):85-90.

Scalea TM, Rubinson L, Tran Q, Jones KM, Rea JH, Stein DM, Bartlett ST, O'Connor JV. Critical Care REsuscitation Unit: An innovative solution to expedite transfer of patients with time-sensitive critical illness. J Am Coll Surg. 2016 Apr;222(4):614-21.

Hanish SI, Stein DM, Scalea JR, Essien EO, Thurman P, Hutson WR, Bartlett ST, Barth RN, Scalea TM. Molecular absorbent recirculating system effectively replaces hepatic function in severe acute liver failure. Ann Surg. 2017 Oct;266(4):677-684.

Galvagno SM JR, Fox EE, Appana SN, Baraniuk S, Bosarge PL, Bulger EM, Callcut RA, Cotton BA, Goodman M, Inaba K, O'Keefe T, Schreiber MA, Wade CE, Scalea TM, Holcomb JB, Stein DM. Outcomes following concomitant traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic shock: A secondary analysis from the PROPPR trial. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Oct;83(4):668-674.

Brenner M, Teeter W, Hoehn M, Pasley J, Hu P, Yang S, Romagnoli A, Diaz J, Stein D, Scalea T. Use of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta for proximal aortic control in patients with severe hemorrhage and arrest. JAMA Surg. 2017 Sept 27. Doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.3549. [Epub ahead of print].

Tyrrell R, Doyle K, Scalea TM, Stein DM. Trauma transitional care coordination: A mature system at work. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Jan  24.doi:10.1097/TA.0000000000001818. [Epub ahead of print].

Additional Publication Citations

Please see PubMed:

Research Interests

Dr. Stein's research interests are in the fields of traumatic brain injury, hemorrhagic shock, biomechanics of injury, and functional outcomes following traumatic injury.  She is currently Principle Investigator for five federally funded grants and serves as Co-Investigator for an additional four federally funded projects.

Awards and Affiliations

2004, 2007, 2008, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017  Shock Trauma Hero's Award

2010-2017  Baltimore Magazine's "Top Docs" for Trauma Specilists

2011, 2012, 2017  R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center Critical Care Fellowship, Attending of the Year

2016  R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center Critical Care Fellowship, Teache of the Year

2017  Fellowship quo Surgeon-FRCS (Glasg), Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland

Grants and Contracts

FA8650-15-2-6D24 (09/17/15-09/16/18)

Assessing the Accuracy and the Impact of Standard -practice Ventricular Drainage on Intracranial Pressure Measurements following Traumatic Brain Injury (ICP)

United States Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Role:  PI


FA8650-12-2-6D21 (07/22/15-07/21/18)

Effects of Hypobaria on Brain Injury and Mortality Following Head Trauma Combined iwth Hemorrhagic Shock

United States Air Force Office of Scietific Reseach

Role:  Co-Investigator


WA1XWH-15-1-0504 (09/15/15-07/31/20)

Sigh Ventilation to Prevent and Treat the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Denver Health Authority (DoD)

Role: PI


FA8650-16-2-6H06 (05/26/16-05/25/18)

Transport Assessment for Critical Traumatic Injuries Calculator


Role:  PI


SC150102 (08/01/16-07/31/19)

Thalamic Abnormalities in SCI-Pain

US Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity

Role:  Co-Investigator


UMB Award #216627-00001 (10/01/16-09/30/22)

A Randomized Pragmatic Trial Comparing the Complications and Safety of Blood Clot Prevention Medicines Used in Orthopaedic Trauma Patients

Patient Center Outcomes Research Institute

Role:  Co-Investigator


U01 HL077863-11 (01/01/15-12/31/17)

Prehospital Resuscitation on Helicopter Study

University of Texas Health Science Center

Role:  PI


SC160188 (10/01/17-09/30/21)

The Use of Acupuncture in Potentiating Functional Recovery in Spinal Cord Injury Subjects

US Army Medical Reserach Acquisition Authority

Role:  PI


DTNH2217D00069 (09/29/17-09/28/18)

Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) Motor Vehicle Occupant Enrollment

US DOT/National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)

Role:  Co-Investigator


RO1  MD012273 (10/01/17-09/30/21)

Development of a Risk Factor Screen for Mental Health Problems after Suddent Illness or Injury

Palo Alto Veterans Institute of Research (NIH)

Role:  Co-Investigator






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