October 21, 2020
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Tuesday, April 25, 2023
Immune System Sculpts Rat Brains During Development
Researchers have established that biological sex plays a role in determining an individual’s risk of brain disorders. For example, boys are more likely to be diagnosed with behavioral conditions like autism or attention deficit disorder, whereas women are more likely to suffer from anxiety disorders, depression, or migraines. However, experts do not fully understand how sex contributes to brain development, particularly in the context of these diseases. They think, in part, it may have something to do with the differing sizes of certain brain regions.
Tuesday, June 08, 2021
IN MEMORIAM: UM School of Medicine Biomedical Research Pioneer and Pharmacology Professor, Laure Aurelian, PhD
The Department of Pharmacology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) is saddened to announce the passing of Laure Aurelian, PhD, Professor Emerita of Pharmacology. She was the first woman to receive a PhD from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and was a pioneer who opened doors for many women to pursue research careers in biomedical science. She was also among the first women to receive independent funding from the National Institutes of Health, receiving her first R01 award in 1970.
Friday, September 06, 2019
UMSOM's Dr. Margaret McCarthy Awarded Indiana University's Gill Transformative Investigator Award for Neuroscience Research
Indiana University’s Gill Center for Biomolecular Science has given Margaret McCarthy, PhD, The James & Carolyn Frenkil Endowed Dean’s Professor and Chair of the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM), The Gill Center for Biomolecular Science 2019 Gill Transformative Investigator Award.
Thursday, March 28, 2019
Allergic Reactions Play Role in Sexual Behavior Development in Unborn Males and Females, UMSOM Research Shows
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and colleagues at Ohio State University have discovered that allergic reactions trigger changes in brain behavior development in unborn males and females. This latest brain development discovery will ultimately help researchers better understand how neurological conditions can differ between men and women.
Friday, March 01, 2019
UMSOM Researchers Discover Clues to Brain Differences Between Males and Females
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have discovered a mechanism for how androgens -- male sex steroids -- sculpt brain development. The research, conducted by Margaret M. McCarthy, Ph.D., Professor of Pharmacology and Chair of the Department of Pharmacology, could ultimately help researchers understand behavioral development differences between males and females.
Tuesday, September 11, 2018
New Study Finds Unexpected Link Between Immune Cells and Male/Female Differences
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) have made a surprising discovery: during fetal development, a particular immune cell seems to play a key role in determining the male or female characteristics of the brain.
Monday, July 16, 2018
Microbes from Birth Canal May Affect Stress Levels of Offspring
Researchers have long known that stress during pregnancy may be transferred from the mother to her offspring. Many studies have shown that this stress can have long-lasting impacts on the physical and emotional health of the offspring. However, the mechanisms of this transfer have remained mysterious. A new study has unraveled one possible way in which these effects move from mother to child.
Wednesday, July 11, 2018
Scientists Identify Mechanism That May Explain Why Males Have a Higher Risk for Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Researchers have recently begun to realize that biological sex plays a key role in disease risk. Sex differences play a role in hypertension, diabetes, arthritis – and in many neurological and psychiatric disorders. Depression and anxiety affect females more, while neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders, early onset schizophrenia, and attention deficit hyperactivity, affect more males. Males are also more sensitive to issues during pregnancy, such as maternal stress, maternal infection and exposure to drugs.
Friday, June 15, 2018
Acting Chairs Appointed for Pharmacology and Physical Therapy Departments During Chair Sabbaticals
University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) Dean E. Albert Reece, MD, PhD, MBA, announced today that two department chairs, Margaret McCarthy, PhD, Professor and Chair, Department of Pharmacology, and Mark Rogers, PhD, PT, FAPTA, the George R. Hepburn Dynasplint Professor and Chair, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science (PTRS), will be taking sabbatical leave during the 2019 fiscal year. In making the announcement, Dean Reece noted that acting chairs have been named to provide leadership in these two departments during this period.
Thursday, May 03, 2018
Renowned Journalist Nicholas Kristof Speaks on Justice and Society
Renowned New York Times journalist Nicholas Kristof will speak on May 3 at the Peabody Library in Baltimore on the need to build a fairer society.
Thursday, March 01, 2018
Increased Stress on Fathers Leads to Brain Development Changes in Offspring
New research in mice has found that a father’s stress affects the brain development of his offspring. This stress changes the father’s sperm, which can then alter the brain development of the child. This new research provides a much better understanding of the key role that fathers play in the brain development of offspring.