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Ann L. Gruber-Baldini, PhD

Academic Title:


Primary Appointment:

Epidemiology & Public Health

Additional Title:

Director, Graduate Program in Epidemiology and Human Genetics; Interim Co-Director, UMB/UMBC Doctoral Program in Gerontology


Howard Hall, 213

Phone (Primary):

(410) 706-2444


(410) 706-4433

Education and Training

B.A. in Psychology and in Sociology, Bucknell University

M.S. in Human Development and Family Studies (HDFS), Pennsylvania State University

Ph.D. in Human Development and Family Studies (HDFS), Pennsylvania State University

Research Fellow, National Institute on Aging Post-doctoral Traineeship, The Institute of Gerontology, University of Michigan


I have been conducting research on psycho-social factors in aging and chronic disease, including hip fracture recovery, cognitive functioning, Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias, delirium, psychological functioning (e.g., resilience, self-efficacy), depression, Parkinson's disease, physical functioning, and health-related outcomes for over 25 years. I have provided data management and statistical oversight to a number of large longitudinal studies, including the Baltimore Hip Studies, Maryland Long-term Care Projects, Mobile Health in Diabetes projects, and the University of Maryland Movement Disorders PD and Movement Disorders Center Health Outcomes Measurement (HOME) Study. My work on Parkinson’s disease has looked at the intersection of motor and cognitive symptoms on disability. I have been a long-term co-investigator on the Baltimore Hip Studies program (Jay Magaziner, PI) where I lead the psychosocial functioning and cognitive disorders (delirium and dementia) research. I served as a site PI on a NIA-funded RCT intervention of physical therapy interventions after hip fracture among those without cognitive impairment (Jay Magaziner, PI). I was the PI of an AHRQ task order on methods for studying dementia treatment and outcomes in observational databases and a NHLBI-funded R01 looking at delirium outcomes in a RCT of transfusion thresholds (FOCUS). I am currently the PI of a NIA-funded R21 to examine a caregiver intervention among hip fracture patients with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. I am the PI for an active R01 looking at cognitive thresholds for patient-reported outcomes, which is recruiting patients with MCI and ADRD.  I was also co-PI of STRONG, a study funded by Gilead Foundation to add geriatric assessment to an HIV center and a HIV supplement that will examine a a behavioral activiation intervention to adress social isolation, loneliness, physical activity, and nutrtion among persons ages 50+ living with HIV.

I lead the Epidemiology and Human Genetics doctoral program.  I also am interim co-director of the UMB/UMBC Gerontology doctoral program.  I teach courses in Psychology of Aging and Epidemiology of Aging.  I am the MPI of a T32 training grant in epidemiology of aging.

Research/Clinical Keywords

Epidemiology of Aging, Adult Psychological Development, Cognitive Functioning and Aging (normal aging, delirium, and dementia), Hip Fracture Recovery and Rehabilitation, Parkinson’s Disease, Patient-reported Outcomes, Functional Outcomes and Health-Related Quality of Life, HIV and Aging

Highlighted Publications

Gruber-Baldini AL, Zimmerman S, Morrison RS, Grattan LM, Dolan M, Hebel JR, Hawkes W, Magaziner J. Cognitive impairment in hip fracture patients: Timing of detection and longitudinal follow-up. J Amer Geriatr Soc 2003;51:1227-1236.  PMID: 12919234

Gruber-Baldini AL, Ye J, Andersen K, Shulman L. Effects of Optimism/Pessimism and Locus of Control on Disability and Quality of Life in Parkinson's Disease. Parkinsonism Relat Disord, 2009, 15:665-9. PMID: 19362510

Gruber-Baldini AL, Resnick B, Hebel JR, Galik E, Zimmerman S. Adverse Events Associated with the Res-Care Intervention. J Am Med Dir Assoc, 2011, 12(8), 584-9. PMID: 21450187. NIHMS: 212481.

Gruber-Baldini, A., Marcantonio, E., Orwig, D., Magaziner, J., Terrin, M., Barr, E., Brown, J. Paris, P., Zagorin, A., Roffey, D.M., Zakriya, K., Blute, M., Hebel, J.R., & Carson, J.L., for the FOCUS CAS Investigators. (2013), Delirium Outcomes in a Randomized Trial of Blood Transfusion Thresholds among Hip Fracture Patients:  The FOCUS Cognitive Ancillary Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61(8):1286-95. NIHMSID #484159, PMID:23898894.

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Hosseini, M., Grattan, L., Orwig, D. Hochberg, M., Chiles Shaffer, N., Magaziner, J. (2017). Cognitive Differences between Men and Women who Fracture their Hip and Impact on Six-Month Survival. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 65(3):e64-e69. PMID:28176306. NIHMSID 813464. MCID: PMC5357191

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Velozo, C., Romero, S., Shulman, L.M. (2017). Validation of the PROMIS® Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Conditions Measures. Quality of Life Research, 26(7):1915-1924. NIHMSID 855675. PMID:28239781 PMCID: PMC5479750

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Quinn, C., Roggio, A., Magaziner, J.S. (2022). Telemedicine for Older Adult Nursing Home Residents to Avoid Emergency Department Visits: The Experience of the NHTeleED Project in Maryland. JAMDA, 23(8):1311-1312. PMID: 35231439

Additional Publication Citations

Awards and Affiliations

Fellow, Gerontological Society of America

Executive Committee and Founding Member, American Delirium Society

Presidential Poster Award, "Outstanding Research Concerning Surgery in Older Patients", American Geriatrics Society, 2011

Faculty Teaching award, Department of Epidemiology and Public Heath, Epidemiology and Human Genetics Program and Gerontology Program, 2018

Grants and Contracts

R21AG054143 (Gruber-Baldini)  09/01/16-08/31/20: Hip Fracture Caregiver Intervention Function Focused Care Hip Care at Home

R01 AG059651 (Gruber-Baldini/Shulman) 9/1/18-5/31/24: PROMIS Profile Measures in Older Adults –Identifying Cognitive Thresholds for Reliable and Valid Responses

NIH/NIA 3P30AG028747-17S1 (Gruber-Baldini/Magaziner) 09/05/22—06/30/24 Behavioral Activation Intervention for Persons Aging with HIV

Gilead Sciences Inc.,  (Schmalzle/Gruber-Baldini) 1/1/19-12/31/21: Evaluating Inclusion of Geriatric Assessment and Treatment Principles in an Urban HIV Center, the STRONG (Strengthening Therapeutic Resources for Older patients agiNG with HIV) Project

NIH/NIA T32 AG000262 (Orwig/Gruber-Baldini)  Role MPI  5/01/18-4/30/28 Research Training in the Epidemiology of Aging

NIH/NIA P30 AG028747 (Magaziner/Shardell)  Role: Co-Investigator  07/01/20 – 06/30/22 Methods and mechanisms for the inverse association between dementia and cancer in older adults

NIH/NIA R24 AG063728 (Mullins/Magaziner/Brown)  Role: Co-Investigator  08/01/20 – 05/31/22 ADRD Supplement to Building Trust to Enhance Diversity in Aging Research