Director, Surgical Critical Care Fellowship Program
Education and Training
1980-1984, B.S., George Washington University, Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, Washington, DC
1984-1988, M.D., University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
1988-1989, Surgery Internship, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ
1989-1994, Surgery Residency, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ
1994-1995, Trauma/Surgical Critical Care Fellowship, University of Maryland Medical Center/RA Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Baltimore, MD
1995-1996, Trauma Research Training Fellowship, National Research Service Award, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
1996-1997, Surgical Research Fellowship, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
Dr. William Chiu is Director of the Surgical Critical Care Fellowship Program at the University of Maryland Medical Center / R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center. He is certified in Surgery and Surgical Critical Care by the American Board of Surgery. His clinical specialties include Trauma Surgery, Surgical Critical Care, and Soft Tissue Surgery. Dr. Chiu is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, the American College of Critical Care Medicine, and the International College of Surgeons. He is currently a member of the Board of Directors of the Surgical Critical Care Program Directors Society, the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, and the National Trauma Institute. Dr. Chiu is co-editor of the textbook "Critical Care Emergency Medicine, Second Edition." (Farcy DA, Chiu WC, Marshall JP, Osborn TM, eds.) New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education; 2017.
Neuroendocrine Function in Sepsis, Neuroimmunomodulation in Circulatory Shock, Mitochondrial Injury in Shock
Chiu WC, Cushing BM, Rodriguez A, Ho SM, Mirvis SE, Shanmuganathan K, Stein M. Abdominal Injuries without Hemoperitoneum: A Potential Limitation of Focused Abdominal Sonography for Trauma (FAST). The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care. April, 1997; 42 (4): 617-625.
Chiu WC, Rodriguez A, Greif WM, Joseph-Herbert JJ, Gammaitoni CJ. Entrapment and Obstruction of the Esophagus From Thoracic Spine Hyperextension Dislocation Injury. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care. May, 1999; 46 (5): 959-961.
Chiu WC, Gann DS, Darlington DN. Measuring Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor Activity in Plasma By Two Enzymatic Assays. The Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods. September, 2000; 45 (2): 127-140.
Chiu WC, Haan JM, Cushing BM, Kramer ME, Scalea TM. Ligamentous Injuries of the Cervical Spine in Unreliable Blunt Trauma Patients: Incidence, Evaluation, and Outcome. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care. March, 2001; 50 (3): 457-464.
Chiu WC, Shanmuganathan K, Mirvis SE, Scalea TM. Determining the Need for Laparotomy in Penetrating Torso Trauma: A Prospective Study Using Triple-Contrast Enhanced Abdominopelvic Computed Tomography. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care. November, 2001; 51 (5): 860-869.
Chiu WC, Scalea TM, Rotondo MF. Summary Report on Current Clinical Trauma Care Fellowship Training Programs. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care. March, 2005; 58 (3): 605-613.
Chiu WC, Wong-You-Cheong JJ, Rodriguez A, Shanmuganathan K, Mirvis SE, Scalea TM. Ultrasonography for Interval Assessment in the Nonoperative Management of Hepatic Trauma. American Surgeon. October, 2005; 71 (10): 841-846.
Carlson DE, Chiu WC, Scalea TM. Cecal Ligation and Puncture in Rats Interrupts the Circadian Rhythms of Corticosterone and Adrenocortical Responsiveness to Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone. Critical Care Medicine. April, 2006; 34 (4): 1178-84.
Carlson DE, Nguyen PX, Soane L, Fiedler SM, Fiskum G, Chiu WC, Scalea TM. Hypotensive Hemorrhage Increases Calcium Uptake Capacity and BCL-XL Content of Liver Mitochondria. Shock. February, 2007; 27 (2): 192-198.
Carlson DE, Chiu WC, Fiedler SM, Hoffman GE. Central Neural Distribution of Immunoreactive Fos and CRH in Relation to Plasma ACTH and Corticosterone During Sepsis in the Rat. Experimental Neurology. June, 2007; 205 (2): 485-500.
Carlson DE, Chiu WC, Johnson SB, Scalea TM. Barriers to the Optimal Resuscitation of Patients with Severe Sepsis? Transfer to a Level I Critical Care Center! Critical Care Medicine. November, 2007; 35 (11): 2644-2645.
Carlson DE, Chiu WC. The Absence of Circadian Cues During Recovery From Sepsis Modifies Pituitary-Adrenocortical Function and Impairs Survival. Shock. January, 2008; 29 (1): 127-132.
Carlson DE, Le W, Chiu WC, Hoffman GE. Messenger RNA for Neuropeptide Y in the Arcuate Nucleus Increases in Parallel with Plasma Adrenocorticotropin During Sepsis in the Rat. Neuroscience Letters. March, 2009; 452 (2): 146-150.
Chiu WC, Marcolini EG, Simmons DE, Yeatts DJ, Scalea TM. Training Dedicated Emergency Physicians in Surgical Critical Care: Knowledge Acquisition and Workforce Collaboration for the Care of Critically Ill Trauma/Surgical Patients. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care. July, 2011; 71 (1): 43-48.
Surgical Critical Care
Soft Tissue Surgery