Medical Director, Spinal Cord Injury Unit, UM Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute
UM Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute
Education and Training
Undergraduate: Johns Hopkin University, BA, Biology/English
Medical School: New York University School of Medicine, MD
Internship: Johns Hopkins University / Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Internal Medicine
Residency: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PM&R)
Fellowship: University of Maryland School of Medicine, Dept. of Neurology / Kernan Hospital, Spinal Cord Injury Medicine (SCIM)
Certifications: American Board of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (ABPM&R) Diplomate #8815
ABPM&R Subspecialty of Spinal Cord Injury Medicine #535
ABPM&R Subspecialty of Brain Injury Medicine #547
Dr. York is the Medical Director of the Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Unit at the University of Maryland Rehabilitation and Orthopaedic Institute (UM Rehab), formerly known as Kernan Hospital.
Board certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R), he is a physiatrist who holds an appointment as Assistant Professor in the Department of Neurology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM). Additionally, he is board-certified in the subspecialty of Spinal Cord Injury Medicine and Brain Injury Medicine.
As a physiatrist, Dr. York maximizes function and quality-of-life and advocates for patients with any disability who are navigating complicated medical problems. In addition to his interest in SCI rehabilitation, he also treats severe, catastrophic, and medically-complex disability, trauma, dual-diagnosis (Traumatic Brain Injury and SCI), stroke, multiple sclerosis, and non-operative musculoskeletal injuries. Many of these conditions have associated secondary medical problems, including spasticity.
Dr. York has special skills in managing spasticity using a customized, multi-modal approach including traditional techniques such as positioning, therapeutic exercise prescription, and oral medications, as well as advanced tools such as chemodenervation and intrathecal baclofen pumps. He performs many of these procedures as well as joint injections using electromyography, electrical stimulation, and/or high-frequency musculoskeletal ultrasound-guided imaging.
Dr. York enjoys working with disabled youth who are transitioning to an adult-care rehabilitation model, including young adults with a history of spina bifida, cerebral palsy, and SCI. He also enjoys providing medical consultation for the UM Rehab wheelchair rugby team, the Maryland Mayhem.
Dr. York is a faculty member in the Johns Hopkins Department of PM&R and Sinai Hospital of Baltimore PM&R Residency Training Programs. He is a faculty advisor for the UMSOM PM&R Interest Group and enjoys mentoring medical students interested in pursuing careers in PM&R. He is proud to have helped dozens of students match within the best PM&R residency programs in the country. He is the President of the Maryland Society of PM&R and actively participates as a Fellow of the American Academy of PM&R. He is the President of the UM Rehab Medical Executive Committee.
Spinal Cord Injury Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spasticity, Wheelchair, Disability, Function, Quality of Life, Patient-Centered Outcomes, Ultrasound, PM&R, PMR, Rehab, Catastrophic, Intrathecal, Ultrasound, Brain Injury Medicine, SCIM, BIM
Gorman PH, Geigle PR, Chen K, York H, Scott W. Reliability and relatedness of peak VO2 assessments during body weight supported treadmill training and arm cycle ergometry in individuals with chronic motor incomplete spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2014 Apr;52(4):287-91. PMID: 24534779
Gorman PH,Scott W, York H, Theyagaraj M, Price-Miller N, McQuaid J, Eyvazzadeh M, Ivey FM, Macko RF. Robotically assisted treadmill exercise training for improving peak fitness in chronic motor incomplete spinal cord injury: A randomized controlled trial. J Spinal Cord Med. 2016;39(1):32-44. PMID: 25520035
Stampas A, York HS, O'Dell MW. Is the Routine Use of a Functional Electrical Stimulation Cycle for Lower Limb Movement Standard of Care for Acute Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation? PM&R. 2017 May;9(5):521-528. PMID: 28526124 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.03.005
Goodrich C, York H, Shapiro A, Gorman PH. Focal arm weakness following intradetrusor botulinum toxin administration in spinal cord injury: Report of two cases. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 2019, 1–4. doi:10.1080/10790268.2018.1464693
2007-2008 Sinai Hospital of Baltimore PM&R Golden Goniometer Faculty Teaching Award.
2009 American Therapeutic Recreation Association Individual Citation Award.
2012-2013Sinai Hospital of Baltimore PM&R Golden Goniometer Faculty Teaching Award.
2013 Super Doctors ® Washington, DC-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Rising Stars.
2014 Top Doctors, Baltimore Magazine.
5/24/2017-2019 (Site PI, 10%). PI: Margaret A. Finley, PhD, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA “Development of a Biopsychosocial Prospective Surveillance Model of Shoulder Pain in Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury,” SC160041. NCT03137394 Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs, Department of Defense