Medical Director, Lung Resuscitation Unit
Medical Director, Lung Rescue Unit
(410) 328 3495
Education and Training
1994 B.A., Biological Basis of Behavior; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
2000 M.D. Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA
2001 Internship in Emergency Medicine - University of Maryland Medical Center
2003 Residency in Emergency Medicine - University of Maryland Medical Center
2004 Fellowship in Trauma/Critical Care - R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
Jay Menaker, MD earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Pennsylvania and his Medical Degree from Jefferson Medical College. He completed his Emergency Medicine residency at the University of Maryland Medical Center and his Trauma/Critical Care fellowship at the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center. Dr. Menaker is board certified in Emergency Medicine. He is a member of the Society of Critical Care Medicine, American College of Emergency Physicians, Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, American Association for the Surgery of Trauma and the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization.
Upon completion of his fellowship Dr. Menaker joined the faculty at the University of Maryland School of Medicine as a Visiting Instructor, Department of Surgery. In 2006 he was appointed as Assistant Professor, in 2011 he was promoted to Associate Professor, Department of Surgery with a secondary appointment in the Department of Emergency Medicine. For the University of Maryland School of Medicine Dr. Menaker serves on the Appeals Committee. For the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center he is the Fellowship Director for the Emergency Medicine Critical Care Fellowship, he chairs the Clinical Quality/Performance Improvement Committee, and serves as the Physician Director of Quality Management, he also serves on a number of committees. For the University of Maryland Medical Center he serves as the Chair of the University of Maryland Medical Center’s Medical Staff Peer Review Committee and serves on a number of committees. Dr. Menaker is currently the Medical Director of the Lung Rescue and NeuroTrauma Intermediate Care Units.
Dr. Menaker has authored 58 peer-reviewed articles and 12 book chapters. He has presented at a number of national conferences, to name a few, the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma, Society of Critical Care Medicine, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Western Trauma Association, International EuroELSO Congress, American College of Emergency Physicians. He is a reviewer for 3 journals and serves on the editorial boards of 2 journals.
Menaker J, Martin IB, Hirshon JM. Marked elevation of cerebrospinal fluid white blood cell count: an unusual case of Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis, differential diagnosis, and a brief review of current epidemiology and treatment recommendations. J Emerg Med. 2005 Jul;29:37-41.
Menaker J, Cushman J, Vermillion JM, Rosenthal RE, Scalea TM. Ultrasound-diagnosed cardiac tamponade after blunt abdominal trauma-treated with emergent thoracotomy. J Emerg Med. 2007 Jan;32:99-103.
Menaker J, Stein DM, Scalea TM. Incidence of pulmonary embolism after injury. J Trauma. 2007 Sep;63:620-624.
Menaker J, Philp A, Boswell SA, Scalea TM. CT alone for cervical spine clearance in the unreliable patient - Are we there yet? J Trauma. 2008 Apr;64:898-903.
Phelan HA, Velmahos GC, Jurkovich GJ, Friese RS, Minei JP, Menaker JA, et al. An evaluation of multidetector computed tomography in detecting pancreatic injury: results of a multicenter AAST study. J Trauma. 2009 Mar;66:641-6; discussion 646-7.
Menaker J, Tesoriero RB, Hyder M, et al. Traumatic atrial septal defect and papillary muscle rupture requiring mitral valve replacement after blunt injury. J Trauma. 2009 Nov;67:1126.
Menaker J, Stein DM, Scalea TM. Pulmonary embolism after injury - More common than we think? J Trauma. 2009 Dec;67:1244-9.
Menaker J, Stein DM, Philp AS, Scalea TM. 40-slice multi detector computed tomography – Is magnetic resonance still needed for cervical spine clearance after blunt trauma. Am Surg. 2010 Feb;76:157-163.
Timmons T, Menaker J. Traumatic brain injury in the elderly. Clinical Geriatrics. 2010 Apr;18(4):20-24.
Stein DM, Menaker J, Handley C, McQuillan K, Aarabi B, Scalea TM. Risk factors for organ dysfunction in patients with acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury. Neuro Crit Care. 2010;Aug;13(1):29-39.
Menaker J, Scalea TM. Geriatric care in the surgical intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 2010 Sep;38(9 Suppl):S452-9.
Weingart SD, Menaker J, Truong H, Bochicchio K, Scalea TM. Trauma patients can safely be extubated in the emergency department. J Emerg Med. 2011 Feb;40(2):235-9.
Willis M, Neschis D, Menaker J, Lilly M, Scalea T. Stent grafting for a distal thoracic aortic injury. Vasc Endovascular Surg 2011 Feb;45(2):187-90.
Menaker J, Joseph B, Stein DM, Scalea TM. Angiointervention: High rates of failure following blunt renal injuries. World J Surg. 2011 Mar;35(3):520-7.
Stein DM, Kufera JA, Lindell A, Murdock KR, Menaker J, Bochicchio GV, Aarabi B, Scalea TM. Association of CSF Biomarkers and Secondary Insults Following Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Neurocrit Care. 2011 Apr;14(2):200-7.
Stein DM, Lindell A, Murdock KR, Kufera JA, Menaker JA, Keledjian K, Bochicchio GV, Aarabi B, Scalea TM. Relationship of serum and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers with intracranial hypertension and cerebral hypoperfusion after severe traumatic brain injury. J Trauma. 2011 May;70(5):1096-1103.
Menaker J, Farcy D, Boswell SA, Stein DM, Dutton RP, Hess JR, Scalea TM. Cocaine-induced agitated delirium and associated hyperthermia – A case report. J Emerg Med. 2011 Sep;41(3):e49-53.
DuBose, J, Inaba K, Demetriades D, Scalea TM, O'Connor J, Menaker J, Morales C, Konstantinidis A, Shiflett A, Copwood B, the AAST Retained Hemothorax Study Group. Management of post-traumatic retained hemothorax: A prospective, observational, multicenter AAST study. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2012;72:11-24.
Stein DM, Lindell AL, Murdock KR, Kufera JA, Menaker J, Bochicchio G, Aarabi B, Scalea TM. Use of Serum Biomarkers to Predict Cerebral Hypoxia Following Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2012;29:1140-1149.
Inaba K, Branco BC, Menaker J, Scalea TM, Crane S, DuBose JJ, Tung J, Reddy S, Demetriades D. Evaluation of multidetector computed tomography for penetrating neck injury: A prospective multicenter study. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2012;72:576-584.
Markandaya M, Stein DM, Menaker J. Acute Treatment Options for Spinal Cord Injury. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2012 Feb 3.
Stein DM, Lindell AL, Murdock KR, Kufera JA, Menaker J, Scalea TM. Use of Serum Biomarkers to Predict Secondary Insults Following Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Shock. 2012 Jun;37(6):563-8.
Dubose J, Inaba K, Okoye O, Demetriades D, Scalea T, O'Connor J, Menaker J, Morales C, Shiflett T, Brown C, Copwood B; the AAST Retained Hemothorax Study Group. Development of posttraumatic empyema in patients with retained hemothorax: Results of a prospective, observational AAST study. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012;73:752-757.
Dubose JJ, Scalea TM, Holcomb JB, Shrestha B, Okoye O, Inaba K, Bee TK, Fabian TC, Whelan J, Ivatury RR; AAST Open Abdomen Study Group. Open abdominal management after damage-control laparotomy for trauma: a prospective observational American Association for the Surgery of Trauma multicenter study. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013;74:113-20.
Stein DM, Jessie E, Crane S, Kufera J, Rodriguez C, Menaker J, Timmons T, Scalea TM. Hyperacute adrenal insufficiency (HAI) after hemorrhagic shock exists and is associated with poor outcomes. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2013 Feb;74(2):363-70.
Stauffer C, Josiah AF, Fortes M, Menaker J, Cole JW. Lemierre Syndrome Secondary to Community-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection Associated with Cavernous Sinus Thromboses. J Emerg Med. 2013;44:e177-e182.
Inaba K, Menaker J, Branco BC, Gooch J, Okoye OT, Herrold J, Scalea TM, DuBose J, Demetriades D. A prospective multicenter comparison of levetiracetam versus phenytoin for early post-traumatic seizure prophylaxis. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013;74:766-73.
Stein DM, Brenner M, Hu PF, Yang S, Hall EC, Stansbury LG, Menaker J, Scalea TM. Timing of Intracranial Hypertension Following Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Neurocrit Care. 2013;18:332-40.
Scalea JR, Menaker J, Meeks K, Kramer ME, Kufera JA, Auman KM, Cooper M, Bartlett ST, Scalea TM. Trauma Patients with Prior Organ Transplants - Outcomes are Better than Expected: A Retrospective Analysis. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013;74:1498-503.
Holmes JF, Lillis K, Monroe D, Borgialli D, Kerrey BT, Mahajan P, Adelgais K, Ellison AM, Yen K, Atabaki S, Menaker J, Bonsu B, Quayle KS, Garcia M, Rogers A, Blumberg S, Lee L, Tunik M, Kooistra J, Kwok M, Cook LJ, Dean JM, Sokolove PE, Wisner DH, Ehrlich P, Cooper A, Dayan PS, Wootton-Gorges S, Kuppermann N; Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN). Identifying Children at Very Low Risk of Clinically Important Blunt Abdominal Injuries. Ann Emerg Med. 2013;62:107-116.
Bradley M, Okoye O, Dubose J, Inaba K, Demetriades D, Scalea T, O'Connor J, Menaker J, Morales C, Shiflett T, Brown C. Risk factors for post-traumatic pneumonia in patients with retained haemothorax: Results of a prospective, observational AAST study. Injury. 2013;44:1159-64.
Bradley MJ, Dubose JJ, Scalea TM, Holcomb JB, Shrestha B, Okoye O, Inaba K, Bee TK, Fabian TC, Whelan JF, Ivatury RR; AAST Open Abdomen Study Group. Independent predictors of enteric fistula and abdominal sepsis after damage control laparotomy: results from the prospective AAST Open Abdomen registry. JAMA Surg. 2013;148:947-54.
Menaker J, Kufera, JA, Glaser J, Stein DM, Scalea TM. Admission ASIA Motor Score Predicting The Need For Tracheostomy After Cervical Spinal Cord Injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2013;75:629-34.
Kerrey BT, Rogers AJ, Lee LK, Adelgais K, Tunik M, Blumberg SM, Quayle KS, Sokolove PE, Wisner DH, Miskin ML, Kuppermann N, Holmes JF; A multicenter study of the risk of intra-abdominal injury in children after normal abdominal computed tomography scan results in the emergency department. Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN). Ann Emerg Med 2013 Oct;62(4):319-26.
Yen K, Kuppermann N, Lillis K, Monroe D, Borgialli D, Kerrey BT, Sokolove PE, Ellison AM, Cook LJ, Holmes JF; Interobserver agreement in the clinical assessment of children with blunt abdominal trauma. Intra-abdominal Injury Study Group for the Pediatric Emergency Are Applied Research Network (PECARN). Acad Emerg Med. 2013 May;20(5):426-32.
Hu P, Galvagno SM Jr, Sen A, Dutton R, Jordan S, Floccare D, Handley C, Shackelford S, Pasley J, Mackenzie C; ONPOINT Group. Identification of dynamic prehospital changes with continuous vital signs acquisition. Identification of dynamic prehospital changes with continuous vital signs acquisition. Air Med J. 2014;33:27-33.
Mackenzie CF, Wang Y, Hu PF, Chen SY, Chen HH, Hagegeorge G, Stansbury LG, Shackelford S; ONPOINT Study Group. Automated prediction of early blood transfusion and mortality in trauma patients. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014;76:1379-8.
Pommerening MJ, DuBose JJ, Zielinski MD, Phelan HA, Scalea TM, Inaba K, Velmahos GC, Whelan JF, Wade CE, Holcomb JB, Cotton BA; AAST Open Abdomen Study Group. Time to first take-back operation predicts successful primary fascial closure in patients undergoing damage control laparotomy. Surgery. 2014;156:431-8.
Menaker J, Blumberg S, Wisner DH, Dayan PS, Tunik M, Garcia M, Mahajan P, Page K, Monroe D, Borgialli D, Kupperman N, Holmes JF. Use of the focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) examination and its impact on abdominal computed tomography use in hemodynamically stable children with blunt torso trauma. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014;77:427-32.
Low GM, Inaba K, Chouliaras K, Branco B, Lam L, Benjamin E, Menaker J, Demtriades D. The use of the anatomic 'zones' of the neck in the assessment of penetrating neck injury. Am Surg. 2014;80:970-4.
Borgialli DA, Ellison AM, Ehrlich P, Bonsu B, Menaker J, Wisner DH, Atabaki S, Olsen CS, Sokolove PE, Lillis K, Kupperman N, Holmes JF. Association Between the Seat Belt Sign and Intra-abdominal Injuries in Children with Blunt Torso Trauma in Motor Vehicle Collisions Acad Emerg Med. 2014:21:1240-1248.
Zielinski MD1, Jenkins D, Cotton BA, Inaba K, Vercruysse G, Coimbra R, Brown CV, Alley DE, DuBose J, Scalea TM; AAST Open Abdomen Study Group. Adult respiratory distress syndrome risk factors for injured patients undergoing damage-control laparotomy: AAST multicenter post hoc analysis. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014;77:886-9.
Lee LK, Rogers AJ, Ehrlich PF, Kwok M, Sokolove PE, Blumbert S, Kooistra J, Olsen CS, Wootton-Gorges S, Cooper A, Kuppermann N, Holmes JF; Occult pneumothoraces in children with blunt torso trauma. Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Reseach Network (PECARN). Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Apr;21(4):440-8.
Adelgais KM, Kuppermann N, Kooistra J, Garcia M, Monroe DJ, Mahajan P, Menaker J, Ehrlich P, Atabaki S, Page K, Kwok M, Holmes JF. Accuracy of the Abdominal Examination for Identifying Children with Blunt Intra-Abdominal Injuries. J Pediatr. 2014;165:1230-1235.
DuBose JJ, Savage SA, Fabian TC, Menaker J, Scalea TM, Holcomb JB, et al. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma PROspective Observational Vascular Injury Treatment (PROOVIT) registry: Multicenter data on modern vascular injury diagnosis, management, and outcomes. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2015;78:215–223.
Mackenzie CF, Gao C, Hu PF, Anazodo A, Chen H, Dinardo T, Imle PC, Hartsky L, Stephens C, Menaker J, Fouche Y, Murdock K, Galvagno S, Alcorta R, Shackelford S; ONPOINT Study Group. Comparison of Decision-Assist and Clinical Judgment of Experts for Prediction of Life Saving Interventions. Shock. 2014;43:238-43.
Boswell K, Menaker J. Assessment and treatment of the trauma patient in shock. Emerg Med Clin North Amer. 2014:32;777-795.
Saksobhavivat N, Shanmuganathan K, Chen HH, DuBose JJ, Richard H, Khan MA, Menaker J, Mirvis SE, Scalea TM. Blunt splenic injury: Use of a multidector CT-based splenic injury grading system and clinical parameters for triage of patients at admission. Radiology. 2015;274:702-11.
Inaba K, Nosanov L, Menaker J, Bosarge P, Williams L, Turay D, Cachecho R, de Moya M, Bukur M, Carl J, Kobayashi L, Kaminski S, Beekley A, Gomez M, Skiada D; AAST TL-Spine Multicenter Study Group. Prospective derivation of a clinical decision rule for thoracolumbar spine evaluation after blunt trauma: An American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Multi-Institutional Trials Group Study. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015;78:459-67.
Anazodo AN, Murthi SB, Frank MK, Hu PF, Hartsky L, Imle PC, Stephens CT, Menaker J, Miller C, Dinardo T, Pasley J, Mackenzie CF. Assessing trauma care provider judgment in the prediction of need for life-saving interventions. Injury. 2015;46(5):791-7.
Wisner DH, Kuppermann N, Cooper A, Menaker J, Ehrlich P, Kooistra J, Mahajan P, Lee L, Cook LJ, Yen K, Lillis K, Holmes JF. Management of children with solid organ injuries after blunt torso trauma. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015;79:206-14.
Shackelford S, Yang S, Hu P, Miller C, Anazodo A, Galvagno S, Wang Y, Hartsky L, Fang R, Mackenzie C; ONPOINT Study Group. Predicting blood transfusion using automated analysis of pulse oximetry signals and laboratory values. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015;79(4 Suppl 2):S175-80.
Dreizin D, Menaker J, Scalea TM. Extracorporeal membranous oxygenation (ECMO) in polytrauma: what the radiologist needs to know. Emerg Radiol. 2015;22:565-76.
Qasim Z, Brenner M, Menaker J, Scalea T. Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta. Resuscitation. 2015;96:275-79.
Mazzeffi M, Kiefer J, Greenwood J, Tanaka K, Menaker J, Kon Z, Sanchez P, Pham S, Herr D. Epidemiology of gastrointestinal bleeding in adult patients on extracorporeal life support. Intensive Care Med. 2015;Nov;41(11):2015.
Mazzeffi M, Greenwood J, Tanaka K, Menaker J, Rector R, Herr D, Kon Z, Lee J, Griffith B, Rajagopal K, Pham S. Bleeding, Transfusion, and Mortality on Extracorporeal Life Support: ECLS Working Group on Thrombosis and Hemostasis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Feb;101:682-9.
McLenon M, Bittle GJ, Jones K, Menaker J, Pham SM, Iacono AT, Sachdeva A, Rajagopal K. Extracorporeal Lung Support as a Bridge to Airway Stenting and Radiotherapy for Airway-Obstructing Pancoast Tumor. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Jul;102(1):e7-9.
Inaba K, Byerly S, Bush LD, Martin MJ, Martin D, Peck KA, Barmparas G, Bradley MJ, Hazelton JP, Coimbra R, Choudhry AJ, Brown CV, Ball CG, Cherry-Bukowiec JR, Burlew CC, Joseph B, Dunn J, Minshall CT, Carrick MM, Berg GM, Demetriades D; and the WTA C-Spine Study Group. Cervical Spinal Clearance: A Prospective Western Trauma Association Multi-Institutional Trial. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 Jul 20. [Epub ahead of print]
ECMO (Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation)
Dr. Menaker is the Site-PI for a DoD grant entitled Randomized Trial of Early Hemodynamic Management of Patients following Acute Spinal Cord Injury.
2003 Distinguished Service Award; Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland
2009 Hero Award; R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Shock Trauma Gala: A Night for Heroes; University of Maryland School of Medicine
2011 Hero Award; R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Shock Trauma Gala: A Night for Heroes; University of Maryland School of Medicine
2011 Canizaro Award - American Association for the Surgery of Trauma best oral presentation by a new member.
2013 Great Stories recognition event. UMMC Commitment to Excellence Great Stories Event. University of Maryland Medical Center. March 2013
2013 Hero Award; R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Shock Trauma Gala: A Night for Heroes; University of Maryland School of Medicine
2015 Hero Award; R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Shock Trauma Gala: A Night for Heroes; University of Maryland School of Medicine
2016 Great Stories recognition event. UMMC Commitment to Excellence Great Stories Event. University of Maryland Medical Center. March 2016
2016 The incidence of cannula associated deep vein thrombosis after veno-venous extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation’ Top Ten Best Abstract for Oral Presentation. EuroELSO 2016. Glasgow, Scotland.
Institutional Service – University of Maryland Medical Center
2002 Member of Internal Review Board for Vascular and Interventional Radiology
2003 Member of the Clinical Decision Support Team committee
2005-2010 Trauma Outcome Review Committee (TORC), STC
2005-2006 In-House Operations Committee
2007-2009 3rd Floor ICU Planning Committee, STC
2007-2009 Inferior Vena Caval Removal Committee, STC
2007-present Medical Director, NeuroTrauma Intermediate Care Unit, STC
2007-present Clinical Quality/Performance Improvement Committee, STC
2008-2009 STC Leadership Initiative “First to the Future” and Co-Chair “Winding Road” subcommittee, STC
2008-2009 CPMOE Change Cancel/Transfer orders Committee, STC
2008-2009 Trauma Center: Imaging/IR Users Group – Phase IV, UMMC
2008-2009 Committee for the Development of a New Care Delivery Model, STC
2008-present Surgical Critical Care Education Committee, STC
2008-present Oversight Committee, STC
2008 University of Maryland Department of Surgery Resident Candidate Interviewer
2009 University Health System Consortium
Commit to ACTion Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infection (CR BSI)
Catheter-related Blood Stream Infection (BSI) reduction committee, UMMC
2009-2010 ID Campaign Development Committee, STC
2009-present Chair, Clinical Quality/Performance Improvement Committee, STC
2009-present Physician Director of Quality Management, STC
2009-present ICU Committee, STC
2009-present Medical Staff Peer Review Committee, UMMC
2010-present Research Committee, STC, UMMC
2010-present TRU Committee, STC
2011-present Chair, Medical Staff Peer Review Committee, UMMC
2012-present Fellowship Director, Emergency Medicine Critical Care Fellowship (STC)
2012-present Claims Risk Management Committee, UMMC
2013-present STAPA Finance committee member, STC
2013-present Medical Peer Review Committee member, STC
2014-present Transfusion Practice Committee/Blood Utilization Task Force, UMMC
2014-present Medical Director, Lung Rescue Unit, UMMC/STC
2015-present Member, Lab Utilization Oversight committee, UMMC
2015-present Member, Critical Care Leader Committee, UMMC
2015 R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center Physician Champion for Epogen Utilization Committee, UMMC
2015 Member, ICU/IMC Alarm Management Group, UMMC
2016-present At-Large-Director, Board of Directors, Shock Trauma Associates, PA
Institutional Service – University of Maryland School of Medicine
2008-2011 University of Maryland School of Medicine Candidate Interviewer
2010-present University of Maryland School of Medicine Appeals Committee
2006-present Reviewer, Journal of Emergency Medicine, 3-4/year
2008-present Editorial Board, Clinical Medicine: Trauma and Intensive Medicine
2008-present Editorial Board, Clinical Medicine: Case Report
2008-present Reviewer, Emergency Medicine: Trauma Reports, 2/year
2008-present Reviewer, Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection and Critical Care, 2/year
2000-2003 Emergency Medicine Workshop
1st and 2nd year students, 2 hours, 3 times a year
2004-2014 Attending Trauma Service
2 weeks a month; 3-4 hours a day, 7 days a week
2-3 medical students
2004-2014 Attending Critical Care Units
Cardiac Surgery – 4-5 hours a day, 7 days a week
1-2 medical students
2004-2014 TEAM Course Instructor (ATLS for Medical Students)
1-2 courses per year. 3 hours per course
2004-2014 Attending Trauma Service
2 weeks a month; 3-4 hours a day, 7 days a week
1 fellow, 4-6 residents
2004-2014 Attending Critical Care Units
Trauma – 3-4 hours a day, 7 days a week, 2 fellows
Cardiac Surgery – 1 fellow, 1 resident, 3 nurse practitioners
2009-present Lecture Series for Critical Care Fellows
1-2 courses per year. 1 hour per course